https://www.hepan.org.ng/journal/index.php/njhe/issue/feed Nigeria Journal of Home Economics (ISSN: 2782-8131) 2024-02-26T00:00:00+01:00 Open Journal Systems <p>The official <strong>Nigerian Journal of Home Economics (Nig. JHEC) (ISSN: 2782-8131)</strong> is a publication of Home Economics Professional Association of Nigeria (HEPAN) managed by the national body. Home Economics Council of Nigeria (HECON). This professional journal of Home Economics brings together emergent issues and current trends on all aspects of Home Economics and more importantly, how Home Economics teachers and Practitioners might improve and renew the everyday work lives of Home Economics, individuals and households. It features quantitative and qualitative, disciplinary and trans-disciplinary, empirical and theoretical work and includes special editions on key development. It aims to push the boundaries of theory and research to seek out new paradigms, models and ways of framing Home Economics.</p> https://www.hepan.org.ng/journal/index.php/njhe/article/view/269 FOSTERING DIGITAL RESOURCES IN HOME ECONOMICS EDUCATION FOR NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT AND SUSTAINABILITY 2024-02-12T22:01:00+01:00 NWABAH, Nkeiruka. I. info@hepan.org.ng <p><em>The paper aimed at educating all home economist the place of fostering digital resources in teaching and its importance in the classroom. The paper focused on digital resources, benefits of collaboration in using digital tools, digital learning , smart learning strategy, online libraries and data base, search engine, and the effectiveness of digital resources in teaching. The paper concludes that fostering digital resources in teaching makes outcome very effective, efficient, enhancing national development and sustainability. The paper recommended that home economist should adopt the use of digital resources in their teaching.</em></p> 2024-02-12T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2024 https://www.hepan.org.ng/journal/index.php/njhe/article/view/270 HOME ECONOMICS FOSTERING DIGITAL RESOURCES FOR NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT AND SUSTAINABILITY 2024-02-12T22:52:48+01:00 OBUNADIKE, Joy. C. dikejoy@yahoo.com <p><em>Digital resources have changed the narrative on every human endeavor, migrating human activities from the traditional perspective to more convenient and modern practices driven by technology. Besides Home Economics which cuts across all areas of human endeavor such as home management and fashion has added value to digital resources </em><em>such </em><em>as the internet via social media platforms by making them more attractive to economic investors who have contributed to national development. On the other hand, digital resources via emerging technologies have continued to impact on every component of Home Economics, adapting to the latest technological innovations to contribute its quota in enhancing national development and </em><em>sustainability </em><em>in various ways. This paper have highlighted and deeply discussed the linkages between digital resources and the various facets of Home Economics, exposing the various emerging digital technologies and how they have helped to enhance national development and its sustainability in promoting family security, ecosystem for agricultural development, tackling environmental and climate change, food and nutrition, clothing and textiles, family healthcare and post Covid-19. The study established that the application of digital technologies in Home Economics is no more a futuristic matter, as it has started affecting every component of Home Economics which centers on human lives and everything they do to better their lives individually and as a nation.</em></p> 2024-02-12T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2024 https://www.hepan.org.ng/journal/index.php/njhe/article/view/271 CHALLENGES OF DIGITAL ECONOMY AMONG HOUSEHOLDS IN UMUIKAA OKWU OLOKORO IN UMUAHIA SOUTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA ABIA STATE 2024-02-12T23:13:56+01:00 ONWEH, N. A. nnennaonweh@gmail.com ESIOWU, A. P. info@hepan.org.ng ONWEH, V. E vino4nice@gmai1.com <p><em>This study determined the extent to which households in Umuikaa participated in digital economy and illuminated on the challenges they encountered. The area of the study was Umuikaa Okwu Olokoro in Umuahia South Local Government Area Abia State Nigeria. The study adopted a descriptive research design. The population of the study was 97 households in Umuikaa. The study adopted a total population sampling. Two research objectives, two research questions and one hypothesis guided the study. The in.strument for data collection was a 20-item structured four points rating scale questionnaire. Three experts validated the instrument. A reliability of 0.86 was obtained using Cronbach Alpha Reliability Test Method. Findings of the study revealed that rural household in Umuikaa participated averagely in digital economy. The findings further revealed the challenges limiting rural household participation in digital economy. Among others were, cost of training on digitalization, lack of digital marketing skills, cost of digital tools and constantly changing technologies. The hypothesis revealed that 62.5% of the hotiseholds participated in digital economy. The study recommended that data which is the oil that drive digital economy should be subsidized by the government in order to make it affordable for rural households. Again, good networking without hitches should be installed in rural communities to encourage digital economy participation and rural inclusion among others.</em></p> 2024-02-12T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2024 https://www.hepan.org.ng/journal/index.php/njhe/article/view/272 SENSORY EVALUATION OF BISCUITS PRODUCED FROM A BLEND OF WHEAT AND UNRIPE PLANTAIN FLOUR IN DELTA STATE 2024-02-12T23:37:21+01:00 CHUKWUKA, Florence Obiageli f1orenceobia2013@gmail.com OKONKWO, Grace Anene okonkwograce30@gmai1.com <p><em>This study assessed the sensory assessment of biscuits produced from a blend of wheat and unripe plantain fiour in Delta State. Materials used include matured and unripe plantain which was obtained from a farm in Asaba, Delta State. The unripe plantains were carefully detached from the bunch, sorted, peeled and sliced to about 5 mm thickness. The dried chips were later milled and sealed for baking. The dough was mixed using a B8 universal mixer (model IPX1, 7076) at 550 rpm for 15 minutes until uniform smooth dough was obtained. All data were subjected to statistical analysis using Analysis of Variance (ANOVA). The mean were then separated by Duncan's New Multiple Range Test (DNMRT) using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) 20.0 software. Biscuit samples were subjected to sensory evaluation within 24 hours after production. The sensory evaluation of the samples was carried out using twenty-five (25) panelists familiar with biscuits. The qualities assessed include aroma, appearance, taste, texture and general acceptability. The results ranged from 6.30-7.35, 6.45-7.30, 2.05-6.30 and 6.20-6.85 for aroma, appearance, taste and texture, re.spectively while the control had 7.45, 7.20, 7.45 and 6.75 for aroma, appearance, taste and texture, respectively. The study recommended among other things that Government should encourage biscuits produced from the blend of wheat fiour and unripe plantain because of its better mineral quality, high in calcium and iron content than those produced from 100 % wheat fiour.</em></p> 2024-02-12T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2024 https://www.hepan.org.ng/journal/index.php/njhe/article/view/273 SANITATION PRACTICES, DISPOSAL METHODS AND AWARENESS OF HEALTH HAZARDS OF INDISCRIMINATE DISPOSAL OF ELECTRICAL/ELECTRONIC DEVICES AMONG STUDENTS 2024-02-12T23:58:13+01:00 SOYINKA-BUSARI, Olabisi bis2bus@yahoo.co.uk EZEOGUINE, Juliana. A. juliezeoguine@yahoo.com EZEKWERE, P. U. preciouseze@yahoo.com <p><em>The study investigated sanitation practices,&nbsp; disposal methods and awareness of health hazards of </em><em>indiscriminate disposal of electrical/electronic devices among students of Federal College of Education (Technical) Akoka, Lagos. A descriptive survey design was employed in the study. Two hundred (200) </em><em>students from four (4) schools representing fifty (50) per school were randomly sampled for the study. A </em><em>structured questionnaire titled "Assessment of digital waste disposal, sanitation practices and health </em><em>management among students of Federal College of Education (Technical) Akoka, Lagos' was developed </em><em>and used to assess responses from students. The research instrument was given face validity by lecturers in </em><em>the Department of Home Economics Education. Some copies of the questionnaire were subjected to pilot </em><em>testing and data obtained analyzed using Cronbach Alpha. A reliability coefficient (r) of 0.6452 obtained indicated the internal consistence of the instrument. All necessary corrections and comments were made </em><em>before the main study. The researcher personally administered the questionnaires with 92.5% returns. Data </em><em>were analysed using frequency, percentages and mean scores. Mean scores </em><em>2.50 and above were </em><em>considered as 'Agree', while those below 2.50 'Disagree' on a scale of 4-points Likert scale. The results </em><em>indicated that there are existing sanitation practices such as such as sweeping, scrubbing, regular </em><em>disinfecting toilet and disposing waste into bigger refuse /waste bins among the students of FCE (T) Akoka. </em><em>The students indiscriminately dispose electrical/electronic devices using wrong methods. The students are </em><em>not aware of health hazard of their indiscriminate disposal of electrical/electronic devices.</em></p> 2024-02-12T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2024 https://www.hepan.org.ng/journal/index.php/njhe/article/view/274 E-MARKETING OF PASTRY AND DOUGH PRODUCTS AND CONSUMERS’ SATISFACTION OF SERVICE QUALITY DELIVERY IN LAGOS STATE 2024-02-14T23:54:02+01:00 OGBONNA Kemi .P kemi901@yahoo.com ADENIJI Oluwatoyin. O info@hepan.org.ng OGABI Temitope F. akokakemmious50@gmail.com <p><em>The study determined e-marketing of pastry and dough products and customer satisfaction on Service Quality Delivery in Mainland Local Government Area of Lagos State. Four research questions guided the study. Descriptive survey design was adopted. Population for the study was 1,500 household members. Sample size for the study was 306 which comprised of household members in Mainland Local Government Area of Lagos State. Questionnaire was used for data collection. The questionnaire was validated by three experts from the Home Economics Department, University of Lagos. Reliability of the instrument was determined through test-re-test method and a reliability co-efficient of 0.97 was obtained using spearman’s rank correlation method. Findings indicated that the pastry and dough products commonly purchased online included cakes, meat pies, fish pie, chin chin among others. The most commonly delivery method was the use of courier service. Findings also revealed that customers are satisfied with marketing vendors when food products ordered are delivered in good condition and when food products ordered are delivered timely. Results showed that the problem customers face in e-marketing of pastry and dough products delivery includes the delivering of product that are not of the same shape, size and quality with the particular products ordered. It was concluded that the right delivery method should be adopted to ensure that food product ordered are same as food products delivered. Among recommendations made were that e-marketing vendors should ensure that pastry and dough products ordered are same with products delivered. </em></p> 2024-02-14T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2024 https://www.hepan.org.ng/journal/index.php/njhe/article/view/275 FORGIVENESS AND SELF-CONTROL AS PREDICTORS OF MARITAL SATISFACTION IN COLLEGES OF EDUCATION IN ANAMBRA STATE 2024-02-15T00:16:42+01:00 ARINZE, Anesthesia. U arinzeukamaka@gmail.com OBUNADIKE, Joy. C dikejoy@yahoo.com <p><em>This study examined forgiveness and self-control as </em><em>predictors of marital satisfaction </em><em>in colleges of Education in Anambra State. Specifically, the study determined if forgiveness and self-control can </em><em>predict marital satisfaction among married academic staff of&nbsp; Federal College of Education (Technical) Umunze.</em><em> Two research questions guided the study. The study adopted descriptive survey research. The population of the study comprised of nine hundred married academic staff of the college. Purposive sampling technique was used to sample three hundred (300) respondents. The questionnaire was the major instrument for data collection and it was validated by three experts in Home Economics and measurement and evaluation. The reliability of the instrument was determined using Crombach Alpha which yielded a reliability coefficient of 0.87. Data were analysed using mean and standard deviations. The results of the study revealed that that self-control predicted marital satisfaction among academic staff in Federal College Education (Technical), Umunze Orumba South L.G.A. Anambra State. It is however recommended that</em> <em>all helping professionals such as guidance and counseling unit of the College, staff, clinical psychologists, religious bodies, government and non-governmental organizations, social personnel should use appropriate instruments to identify factors that predict marital satisfaction among couples and also endeavor to counsel couples adequately. </em></p> 2024-02-14T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2024 https://www.hepan.org.ng/journal/index.php/njhe/article/view/276 SENSORY EVALUATION AND ACCEPTABILITY OF WATER YAM (DIOSCOREA ALATA) FLOUR FOR PRODUCTION SNACKS 2024-02-15T00:32:07+01:00 ERADAJIRE, Blessing N. Oyekeblessing1@gmail.com IMONIKEBE, Bridget.U bridgetimonikebe@yahoo.com <p><em>This study&nbsp; assess the acceptability of processed water yam flour as a snack and its sensory evaluation. Using water yam flour and wheat flour in the ratios of 70:30 and 50:50, two distinct composite flour blends were created. As a control, there were samples made of wheat flour. The purpose of the study was to investigate the potential applications of Nigeria's freely obtainable water yam flour for making chinchin, cake, and cookies. In order to accomplish this, chinchin, cakes, and cookies made with water yam and wheat flour were prepared and then subjected to sensory analysis. Based on its appearance, color, flavor, texture, taste, mouth feel, crispiness, and overall acceptability, food products such chinchin, cake, and cookies were utilized to assess the&nbsp; sensory acceptability. For sensory evaluation, an 8-point hedonic scale was employed. The mean separation was performed using the Duncan New Multiple Range Test. The data was analyzed using the mean(x) score, simple percentage, standard deviation (SD), and analysis of variance (ANOVA). To clarify how new recipe is created, the study used an experimental research approach.&nbsp; It was evident from the findings that the judges accepted&nbsp; chinchin, cakes, and cookie sampling. The study concluded that, with regard to the factors examined, there was no discernible variation in the judges' ratings. Based on the results, the researcher concluded that water yam flour can be used in place of wheat flour and that products&nbsp; like chinchin, cakes, and cookies made with water yam flour should be encouraged by the&nbsp; producers. </em></p> 2024-02-14T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2024 https://www.hepan.org.ng/journal/index.php/njhe/article/view/278 HEALTHCARE PRACTICES AND DIGITAL TECHNOLOGIES AMONG PARENTS OF PUPILS ATTENDING FEDERAL COLLEGE OF EDUCATION (TECHNICAL) STAFF SCHOOL AKOKA, LAGOS. 2024-02-15T00:51:01+01:00 OYEGUNWA, Oluwatoyin, R toyinoyegunwa@yahoo.com GBADEBO, Christiana T. gbadebo.ct@unilorin.edu.ng <p><em>The study examined healthcare practices and Digital Technologies among parents of pupils attending Federal College of Education (Technical) Staff School Akoka, Lagos. Four (4) research questions were raised and answered to guide the conduct of the study. The study adopted a descriptive survey research study of which population of the study comprised parents of pupils attending FCE (T) staff school Akoka, Lagos numbering five hundred (500). The sample comprised of two hundred (200) parents constituting forty percent (40%) of the population. Simple random sampling technique was used in the selection of pupils in the different classes to take the questionnaire home to their parents. </em></p> <p><em>It was concluded that healthcare practices and Digital Technologies among parents of pupils attending Federal College of Education (Technical) Staff School Akoka, Lagos is significant. It was also concluded that the parents shun all form of untrusted healthcare practices such as traditional medicine among others. Recommendations made among others is that Digital Technologies in health care practices should be made accessible to all and sundry. </em></p> 2024-02-14T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2024 https://www.hepan.org.ng/journal/index.php/njhe/article/view/279 EFFECT OF DIGITAL ADVERTISING ON CONSUMER SATISFACTION ON PACKAGED FOOD ITEMS IN ABIA STATE, NIGERIA 2024-02-15T01:09:31+01:00 NNANNA Joyce info@hepan.org.ng <p><em>The wave of globalization, fueled by advancement in technology, has produced a global economy and its attendant challenges to most producers and consumers as well. They are now required to produce suitable digitalized platforms to sustain the new economy. This calls for the use of constructivists innovative digitalized approaches to help consumers derive maximum satisfaction in the consumption and search for such products. Specifically, this study sought to determine the extent of usage of digital advertising platform by household for sourcing packaged food items (tomato puree, milk, noodles and seasoning cubes/sachets) in Abia State, Nigeria, ascertain the level that digital advertising has affected consumer’s perception of packaged food items and determine the extent to which digital advertising could help in increasing consumer satisfaction of packaged food items. The population of the study comprised of 730,673 correspondents. Multistage sampling technique was used to select a sample size of 450. The finding reveals that usage rate of digital advertising platform by household for sourcing packaged food items in Abia State, Nigeria is very low;</em> <em>there is a significant relationship between digital advertisement and consumer’s perception of packaged food items in Abia State. It was recommended that the in order to boost productivity and performance, management should include their staff in decision-making regarding packaging and digital advertising-related issues. These product-related factors influence customer loyalty to a large extent. This is due to research showing a strong correlation between digital advertising and how Abia State, Nigerian consumers perceive packaged food products.</em></p> 2024-02-14T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2024 https://www.hepan.org.ng/journal/index.php/njhe/article/view/280 A REVIEW OF THE INFLUENCE OF E-COMMERCE FOR THE FAMILY ECONOMIC ENHANCED TRANSACTION 2024-02-15T01:18:54+01:00 USOROH, Comfort. comfortusoroh@gailmail.com EKONG, Ima imaedetekong@gmail.com EKONG, Ima imaedetekong@gmail.com <p><em>The family is a microeconomic unit of the larger society where family members engage in economic activities such as sales and purchases of goods and services. Technological advancements have significantly altered the techniques of family economics in recent times and enhanced transaction. This paper concentrates on the deployment of digital resources for family economics and transactions. It critically reviews the concept of e-commerce, the evolution, types, benefits, challenges and the influence of e-commerce on families. E-commerce, the activity of buying and selling goods and services online over the internet dates back to the early 1970s; expanded market, cost savings and competitive pricing, others include personalized shopping experience, improved efficiency and streamlined operations, enhanced customer engagement and feedback,&nbsp; there are basically four types of e-commerce which are Peer-to-peer (P2P) which is a platform where a buyer and the seller interact with each other without the involvement of a middle person; Consumer-to-Consumer (C2C), which is a type of platform where the consumer trades goods and services directly with another consumer online; Business-to-Business (B2B), this is an online transaction between two business owners; and Business-to-Consumer (B2C), this is an online business between the consumer and the business owner. The methodology used in this research was a review of secondary data. The benefits of e-commerce are convenience and accessibility, global reach and expanded market, cost savings and competitive pricing, others include personalized shopping experience, improved efficiency and streamlined operations, enhanced customer engagement and feedback, consumer behaviour and decision making. The paper also identified some of the challenges of e-commerce as security and privacy concerns, logistics and fulfilment, building customer trust, regulatory compliance, competitive landscape and technological infrastructure. The influence of e-commerce on families are many and varied. They include convenience and time savings, cost savings and discounts, expanded product accessibility: convenience for busy parents, enhanced product research and decision-making and improved access for remote or limited mobility families. E-commerce is therefore a valuable digital resource for family economics for sustainable development.</em></p> 2024-02-14T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2024 https://www.hepan.org.ng/journal/index.php/njhe/article/view/281 CLOTHING CARE AND MAINTENANCE PRACTICES AMONG BOARDING SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN ANAMBRA STATE 2024-02-15T01:29:56+01:00 OKONKWO, Cecilia .C ceciliaezekwe81@gmail.com EZEMA, P.N aobeta4life@yahoo.com OBETA, A.O mikecila@yahoo.com <p><em>This study focused on clothing care and maintenance practices of boarding students in Anambra state. Specifically, the study identified various clothing care and maintenance practices among boarding secondary school students in Anambra State. Two research questions and two hypotheses guided the study. The study adopted descriptive survey research. The population comprised 20,114 respondents, multi-stage sampling technique was used to get a sample size of 329 respondents consisting of 298 students (123 male and 175 female students) and 31 teachers (8 house masters, 12 house mistresses and 11 Home Economics teachers). Structured questionnaire which was validated by three experts was used for data collection.&nbsp; The reliability of the instrument was determined using Crombach Alpha which yielded a reliability coefficient of 0.87. Data were analysed using mean and standard deviation. A mean of 2.50 was used as a cut off mean. The results of the study revealed that washing clothing items whenever it is dirty, </em><em>removing stains as soon as it is noticed among others</em><em> are clothing care and maintenance practices by boarding school students.&nbsp; The study recommended that efforts should be made by teachers and house masters/mistresses to inculcate the skills of proper clothing care and maintenance in boarding students to improve their self-hygiene and this will facilitate their adoption of proper ways of clothing care and maintenance practices.</em></p> 2024-02-14T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2024 https://www.hepan.org.ng/journal/index.php/njhe/article/view/282 CONSTRAINTS TO THE ADOPTION OF ERGONOMIC PRINCIPLES NEEDED BY GARMENT WORKERS IN GARMENT INDUSTRY IN SOUTH-EASTERN NIGERIA 2024-02-15T01:42:21+01:00 LEMCHI, Stella. N. info@hepan.org.ng OKEKE,Eucharia.N. okekeeucharian@gmail.com MBAH, Cynthia. A. info@hepan.org.ng NWANORUE Gladys. I. info@hepan.org.ng OBI-ANYANWU,Jovita N. info@hepan.org.ng <p><em>The study focused on Constraints to the Adoption of Ergonomic Principles Needed by Garment Workers in their Garment Industry in South-eastern&nbsp; Nigeria. Two research questions and one hypothesis guided the study. Descriptive survey research design was adopted for the study. The population consist of 267 garment workers drawn from the 19 registered garment companies in South-eastern Nigeria. Structured and validated questionnaire on Constraint to the Adoption of Ergonomic Principles Needed by Garment Workers in their Garment Industry in South-eastern&nbsp; Nigeria was used for data collection. Data were analyzed using mean, standard deviation, and t- test. The findings showed that major factors mitigating against the adoption of ergonomic principles by garment workers include ignorance about the long-term effect of occupational injury, lack of training skill and experience on ergonomics, nonchalant attitude towards one’s health among others. Strategies for enhancing the adoption of the needed ergonomic principles include public enlightenment through radio, television, talk show, billboards etc., organizing seminar and workshops for grass root awareness on ergonomic principles among others. Based on the finding of the study, it was recommended that the identified strategies for enhancing the adoption of the needed ergonomic principles should be utilized to ensure grassroots awareness and sensitization on the obvious benefits of this proactive healthcare measures for a deep and far-reaching result.</em></p> 2024-02-14T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2024 https://www.hepan.org.ng/journal/index.php/njhe/article/view/286 A PERCEPTION OF HOMEMAKERS’ ONLINE MENU ORDERS ON CONSUMERS’ SATISFACTION IN TANKE, ILORIN SOUTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, KWARA STATE 2024-02-15T02:17:24+01:00 JOHNSON,W.O. info@hepan.org.ng TIJANI, S.A. tsarafat@yahoo.com ABDULKADIR,S.O. abdulkadir.so@unilorin.edu.ng ADEBISI, T.T. Adebisi.wo@unilprin.edu.ng <p><em>The study investigated perception of homemakers’ online menu orders on consumers’ satisfaction in Tanke, Ilorin South Local Government Area. Five research questions were stated and four research hypotheses tested. Structured questionnaire was used to solicit information from the respondents. The instrument was validated and found reliable at 0.75. Five-point Likert scales of Strongly Agree, Agree, Strongly Disagree, Disagree and Undecided were used to interpret the data. Frequency count, mean, standard deviation and Pearson Product-Moment Correlation (PPMC) were used to analyse the data. The findings show that majority of the respondents agreed on the types of menus available for online order with grand mean score of 3.51 and the prices of menus ordered online were within the ranges of #2,000.00 to #2,750.00 per plate. Majority of the respondents also agreed with the methods of online menu orders with mean score of 3.43 were 3.00 was the decision rule which is lesser than 3.51 and 3.43 respectively. There is no significant relationship between the types and prices of online menu orders on customers’ satisfaction. </em></p> <p><em>Online menu orders have proliferated and rapidly improved the traditional line-up for menu orders and the use of digital resource brings relief to individual. It was therefore recommended that more researches be conducted on technological benefits to consumers in rural areas. </em></p> 2024-02-14T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2024 https://www.hepan.org.ng/journal/index.php/njhe/article/view/287 PROXIMATE AND ORGANOLEPTIC ANALYSIS OF CARROT-FORTIFIED AND VANILLA FLAVOURED CAKES 2024-02-15T02:34:26+01:00 APATA, O. C. info@hepan.org.ng FASHIPE, J.T info@hepan.org.ng MELUDU, N.T. info@hepan.org.ng <p><em>This study investigated the proximate and organoleptic properties of carrot-fortified and vanilla flavoured cake. Specifically, it determined: proximate composition of carrot-fortified and vanilla flavoured cake; and organoleptic properties of carrot-fortified and vanilla flavoured cake. Samples of the products were prepared using standard methods. The product was divided into two parts, one part was subjected to proximate analysis while the other part was subjected to sensory evaluation. Proximate analysis of carrot-fortified and vanilla flavoured cake was carried out using standard methods. Twenty panellists were involved in the sensory evaluation of the products. A 7-point hedonic scale was used to collect data on the organoleptic properties of the samples. Data for sensory evaluation were analysed using percentages (%). Result of proximate analysis showed that carrot-fortified cake had the highest content of protein (15.6%), Moisture Content (15.6%), ash (2.4%), crude fibre (1.2%), Tannins (55mg/100g), Saponins (35mg/100g) 35, Ascorbic Acid (14.5mg/100g), Carotenoids (350µg/100g), Thiamine (0.21mg/100g), Riboflavin (0.17mg/100g), Niacin (2.65mg/100g) and lowest content of fat (25.0%), carbohydrate (42.2%) when compared to vanilla-flavoured cake. Also, the organoleptic result showed that carrot-fortified cake was ranked higher and accepted by the panellists when compared to vanilla flavoured cake based on the 7-point hedonic scale rating. Based on these findings it was recommended that: further research could be carried out on the shelf life of carrot cake and mode of preservation with the use of natural preservatives such as vinegar and physiochemical analysis of the cakes during different stages of storage. </em></p> 2024-02-14T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2024 https://www.hepan.org.ng/journal/index.php/njhe/article/view/288 SOCIAL MEDIA AND FAMILY DEVELOPMENT AMONG RESIDENTS OF EDO STATE, NIGERIA 2024-02-16T00:31:18+01:00 IFEBHOR, Patricia Enivie enivie67@gmail.com IGHORHIOWHUNU, Oghogho Joan joan4me2016@gmail.com <p><em>The world today has become a global village of the advancement of the information and communication technology. Apart from the physical economy, it was created a digital economy where almost all that can take place in the physical can also take place. Does this have any impact on the development of the family? This study is aimed at investigating the relationship between online marketing, social media and family development among residents of Edo state. This study will adopt the correlational survey design. Three research questions were raised to guide the study, while three corresponding hypotheses were formulated for this study. The sample of people living in the three senatorial districts of Edo State, Nigeria, was drawn using a multi-stage sampling approach. The Impart of Digital Economy Tools Scale (IDETS) was the tool used to gather the data. The analytical works were addressed using inferential statistics, the first two hypotheses were tested using the Pearson Product Moment method, and the third hypothesis was tested using the method of multiple regression at the threshold of 0.05 percent. From the results, it was found that there is a significant relationship between online marketing and use of social media and family development; and that online marketing has a higher influence on family development. Based on the above, it was recommended that families should explore the positive and development aspect of online marketing to the advantage of family development; family members should focus more on the development of the family, which is the main idea behind internet development and use than the pathological aspect; and finally, that the government should make policies towards the regulation of internet use to control for addiction/overuse.&nbsp;</em></p> 2024-02-15T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2024 https://www.hepan.org.ng/journal/index.php/njhe/article/view/290 ANALYSING THE EMERGING PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGIES IN CLOTHING INDUSTRY: PERCEPTION OF FASHION DESIGNERS WITHIN ADENTA MUNICIPALITY, GHANA. 2024-02-16T22:30:55+01:00 AMEKO Rosemary Enyonam rosemaryameko@gmail.com ABOAGYEWAA-NTIRI Josephine jose.ntiri@gmail.com <p><em>This paper aims to investigate the emerging production technologies in clothing production in Ghana and the awareness and usage by fashion designers. The research was based on quantitative and studio-based approaches, which employed questionnaires and observation for data collection. The population comprises 120 fashion designers who have their workshops within Adenta. The results indicated that the emerging production technologies in the clothing industry were ranked, and </em><em>Computer-aided design (CAD)</em><em> represented first (1<sup>st</sup>), </em><em>Automated inspection (AIN) ranked second (2<sup>nd</sup>) and Automated material handling devices (AMHD) ranked third (3<sup>rd</sup>). </em><em>The study showed that 82.1 % of the respondents agreed that fashion designers' design activities involve the effective use of computers for drawing and designing products. Also, 86% agreed that fashion designers used automated inspection machines to perform inspections. However, 83.3% of the respondents disagreed that fashion designers</em> <em>use a reprogrammable, multifunctional manipulator designed for the automation of assembly lines for apparel making.</em> <em>The study concluded that to demonstrate creative and professional skills, fashion designers should be able to generate original designs from unique concepts and effectively manipulate most of the emerging production technologies in realising</em><em> their concepts.</em></p> 2024-02-16T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2024 https://www.hepan.org.ng/journal/index.php/njhe/article/view/292 SOCIO-ECONOMIC DETERMINANTS OF ACCESS AND USE OF VETERINARY SERVICES BY RURAL POULTRY FARMING HOUSEHOLDS INABIA STATE, NIGERIA 2024-02-17T08:20:15+01:00 NJOKU J.I.K. info@hepan.org.ng CHIEMEKA C.I faithwinet@yahoo.com <p>The study analyzed socio-economic determinants of access and use of veterinary services among poultry farmers in Abia State Nigeria. The study specifically investigated the level of access of veterinary services by poultry farmers, ascertained the level of use of veterinary service by poultry farmers. Multi stage and purposive sampling techniques were applied in choosing 120 poultry farmers for the study. The study made use of structured questionnaire. Data obtained were analyzed using descriptive statistics and Tobit regression analysis. Result of Tobit regression revealed that socio-economic variables of the respondents were determinants of access and use of veterinary services. The coefficients of age (0.0259**), farming experience (0.0314***) farm size (0.2511***) and household size (0.3023) significantly influenced use and access of veterinary services by poultry farmers. The Study concludes that poultry farmers in Abia State are getting enough veterinary services The study recommends that the socio-economic determinants of the poultry farmers should be considered by the relevant authorities involved in dispensation of veterinary services in study area.</p> 2024-02-16T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2024 https://www.hepan.org.ng/journal/index.php/njhe/article/view/299 DIGITAL RESOURCES AND NUTRITION KNOWLEDGE AMONG TEACHERS IN ENUGU METROPOLIS: IMPLICATION ON FAMILY’S CONSUMPTION PATTERN 2024-02-17T09:54:50+01:00 OGANAH-IKUJENYO, B. C. oganah-ikujenyobc@lasued.edu.ng OKEZUE, S. E. info@hepan.org.ng OGWU, E. N. info@hepan.org.ng <p><em>This study sought to investigate the role of digital resources in improving teachers’ knowledge of nutrition and how such knowledge of nutrition can influence the family’s nutrition and consumption pattern. To achieve this, two research questions were raised: What is the digital device that teachers get nutrition education more from? How does the knowledge of digital nutrition education impact on their food consumption pattern? The study adopted a cross-sectional design. Data were analyzed using frequency counts, mean and standard deviation. Results showed that the highest sources of digital nutritional knowledge were YouTube (28.6%), Facebook (24.4%) and Google (15.7%), while WhatsApp was the lowest (6%). Findings also revealed that majority of the respondents apply the nutritional knowledge from these sources in planning and preparing family meals with the intention to advance proper nutrition and healthy living of their families. The study recommended that Ministry of Health in collaboration with the Ministry of Education should develop Nutrition Education materials and upload via YouTube, Facebook, and other social media platforms for teachers to access them.</em></p> 2024-02-16T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2024 https://www.hepan.org.ng/journal/index.php/njhe/article/view/293 RESOURCE MANAGEMENT PRACTICES OF WOMEN CIVIL SERVANTS OF UNIVERSITIES IN THE DIGITAL ERA:INDICES FOR SUSTAINABLE FAMILY SERENITY AND ENHANCED NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT 2024-02-17T08:32:03+01:00 EHUMADU, Rophina Ifeyinwa Chima ifychimaeze@gmail.com OBUNADIKE, Joy Chinwe Obunadikejoy@gmail.com MELUDU, Nkiru Theresa info@hepan.org.ng NWACHUKWU, Chinyere M. info@hepan.org.ng <p><em>The study surveyed resource management practices of women civil servants of universities (WCSU) in the digital era which necessitate sustainable family serenity and enhanced national development using women workers of universities in Anambra state of Nigeria as pivots. Its specific objectives were to determine procedures they adopted in their resource management practices in the digital era; ascertain problems they encountered using digital components and, establish strategies they exerted to solve such problems with digital devices as indices. The researchers used questionnaire to collect data and adopted survey design with descriptive statistics, mean and standard deviation for data analysis. Population of the study was 2,150women civil servants of the Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, and the Anambra State University, Uli and Igbariam campuses from where sample of 320 was derived and distributed unequally to158, 93 and 69 respondents of the institutions respectively. A mean ratio of 3.50 based on five point Likert scale was accepted. Findings revealed procedures adopted by the WCSU in their resource management practices in the digital era, problems they encountered with digital devices in the contemporary period and how they solved such problems with digital components. It was recommended, among others, that WCSU and other stakeholders should be enlightened onuses and applications of digital devices for planning, organizing, implementing or shopping and evaluating their family resource management practices through seminars and conferences using the media; federal and state governments, in alliance with producers and other stakeholders, should create more awareness on availability, uses and applications of digital devices through workshops and advertisements; promulgate laws, policies and other </em>logistics<em> that would necessitate deflation as these could fight wraths caused by expensive digital components, eschew chaos in homes, encourage sustainable family serenity and enhanced national development.</em></p> 2024-02-16T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2024 https://www.hepan.org.ng/journal/index.php/njhe/article/view/294 KNOWLEDGE OF ANTIOXIDANT RICH FOODS AND THEIR CONSUMPTION PATTERNS BY MIDDLE-AGED ADULTS IN IGBO ETITI LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF ENUGU STATE 2024-02-17T08:51:00+01:00 ASOMUGHA, I. C. maechichika2@gmail.com ANYANWU, H.O helenanyanwu.o@gmail.com OLUBIYI, E.O. info@hepan.org.ng ONAH, C. C. info@hepan.org.ng <p><em> Middle-age is in-between adulthood and old age and lifestyle adopted is one of the major factors that contribute to how slow or fast the progression occurs. The study elicited information on knowledge of antioxidant rich foods and the way middle aged adults in Igbo Etiti Local Government Area of Enugu State consume them. The cross-sectional study involved 399 adults whose information on personal and socio-economic status, knowledge of antioxidant-rich foods and their consumption patterns were obtained. Descriptive statistics was used to analyze data on personal and socio-economic status, knowledge and consumption patterns of antioxidant rich foods while association between knowledge of antioxidant rich foods and consumption was tested with chi-square. Knowledge of antioxidant rich foods, 86% were not aware that vitamins, minerals and other compounds exist as antioxidants. Similarly, 96% could not identify dietary sources of antioxidants, 78.7% and 81.7% were not aware that vitamin C helps reduce effect of oxidative damage and vitamin E helps delay ageing, respectively. Overall, knowledge grade revealed that 59.9% and 40.1% had poor and good knowledge, respectively. Fruit and vegetable intakes showed that 28.1% and 11.3% took them twice daily while 23.3% ate grains, legumes and nuts twice daily. For the three food groups, 7.3% and 2.3% never consumed them. There were positive associations between knowledge of antioxidant rich foods and consumption from various sources by the adults. This shows that good knowledge of dietary sources of antioxidant improves intakes while reverse could be true when knowledge is poor.</em></p> 2024-02-16T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2024 https://www.hepan.org.ng/journal/index.php/njhe/article/view/295 STRATEGIES UTILIZED BY THE FAMILIES IN COVID-19 PANDEMIC IN NIGERIA 2024-02-17T09:07:16+01:00 Elizabeth Nkechi MADU maduen2014@gmail.com Chinyere EKOMARU info@hepan.org.ng <p><em>The impact of the current global pandemic on family economy in Nigeria cannot be overemphasized. In a few months of Covid-19 pandemic, millions of people were hit by the deadly virus which claimed a lot of lives worldwide, including Nigeria. The Federal Government also declared total lockdown of outdoor economic activities, ceremonies, institutions, religious activities, and stay-at-home order to prevent the spread of the deadly virus in the country. The declaration made life very difficult for the masses with families inclusive. The onset of the lockdown that affected all individuals put set-back on economic activities and this impacted negatively on the income of families. This made it very hard for families to improve their economic powers especially those in rural and urban areas. Thereby, enhancing vulnerability, making the poor to become poorer because there is no backup that the poor could easily fall on. More so, the capacity to recover and adapt became impaired. Families faced challenges in the emergence of the pandemic. Hence, this paper discussed Covid-19 pandemic, the families, challenges of Covid-19 pandemic faced by families in Nigeria, survival strategies utilized by the families, and finally due to advancing family income.</em></p> 2024-02-16T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2024 https://www.hepan.org.ng/journal/index.php/njhe/article/view/296 INTERNET RESOURCES FOR APPAREL ENTREPRENEURSHIP BY SMALL AND MEDIUM SCALE ENTERPRISES IN AKWA IBOM STATE 2024-02-17T09:17:01+01:00 USOROH Comfort info@hepan.org.ng EFFIONG Mandu M. comfortusoroh@yahoo.com ETOKAPAN Comfort Monday info@hepan.org.ng <p><em>The study determined the internet resources for apparel entrepreneurship among small and medium scale enterprises in Akwa Ibom State. Three specific objectiveswere stated,and three research questions were raised to guide the study. Survey research design was adopted for the study. The population of the study comprised 151 registered small and medium scale entrepreneurs of apparel inUyo Senatorial District, Akwa Ibom State. The sample size of 120was drawn from the population through simplerandom sampling technique. A researcher-developed instrument titled“Internet Resources for Apparel Entrepreneurship Questionnaire (IRAEQ)” was used to collect data for the study. Mean and chi-square statistics were used for data analysis. Findings of the study revealed that internet resources such as Facebook, Google, TikTok, Instagram, UseNet, Appstore, WhatsApp, YouTube, Podcast, Business Blogs, Startup app are appropriate for apparel. Also, internet resources help in communication, advertisement, information, marketing, styles and designs on apparel entrepreneurship.Some small and medium scaleentrepreneurs could not access information on apparel businesses due to lack of digital skills and facilities. There is a significant influence of utilizing internet resources for apparel entrepreneurship.The researchers recommend among others that small and medium enterprises should be well fundedby government for the procurement of internet facilities. </em></p> 2024-02-16T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2024 https://www.hepan.org.ng/journal/index.php/njhe/article/view/297 DIGITAL TECHNOLOGY: A PANACEA FOR SUSTAINABLE LIVESTOCK REFORMS IN OUR COMMUNITY AND CONFLICT RESOLUTION 2024-02-17T09:28:50+01:00 ONARIASE, E. I. O Onariaseeunice@gmail.com ENWELIM, O. J. enwelimjoy@gmail.com IHENSEKHIEN, I. isoken.ihensekhien@uniben.edu NWABAH, N. I info@hepan.org.ng <p><em>Livestock production plays a vital role in ensuring food security, economic stability, and social wellbeing in many communities worldwide. However, traditional livestock practices often face numerous challenges, such as unsustainable resource management, conflict arising from resource scarcity, limited access to information and support systems. This paper explores the potential of digital technology as a panacea for sustainable livestock reforms and conflict resolution in our community. Digital technology offers transformation opportunities to address these challenges and promote sustainable livestock practices. The intergration of digital tools, precision agriculture, data analytics, internets of things (10T), and artificial intelligence, enables the collection and analysis of real-time data on animal health, nutrition, and environmental conditions. These advancements facilitate evidence-based decision-making, optimize resource allocation, and enhance productivity while reducing environmental impact. Furthermore, digital platforms and mobile application provide accessible and user-friendly interfaces for livestock farmers, extension workers and community members. Moreover digital technology can contribute to conflict resolution within the livestock sector. By enabling transparent and traceable supply chains. Block chain technology helps prevent fraud, reduce theft, ensures fair market transactions, enhance security and mitigate conflicts related to land use, grazing area and resource allocation. However the successful implementation of digital technology for sustainable livestock reforms and conflict resolution will ensure equitable access to digital infrastructure, addressing the digital divide, fostering digital literacy, and considering the specific needs and contexts of different communities. In conclusion, digital technology holds immense potential as a panacea for sustainable livestock reforms and conflict resolution in our community. Embracing digital tools and fostering digital inclusion will pave the way for a resilient and thriving livestock industry that contributes to sustainable development and community well-being.</em></p> 2024-02-16T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2024 https://www.hepan.org.ng/journal/index.php/njhe/article/view/298 IMPROVEMENT OF CRAFT WORK PRODUCTION THROUGH PROMOTION OF CREATIVITY IN ENTREPRENEURSHIP: AN IMPERATIVE FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA 2024-02-17T09:43:53+01:00 EGBUCHULAM, Ogonna Ezimma ogonnaegbuchulam@gmail.com <p><em>This paper discussed the importance of improving craft work production through promoting creativity in entrepreneurship. The problems facing the country which include high rate of poverty; youth and graduate unemployment; and low economic growth among others can be reduced if craftwork production through promoting creativity in entrepreneurship is improved and encouraged. This paper therefore argues that equipping individuals and the nation at large with improved craftwork skills will make them self-reliant and employers of labour. This will go a long way in helping the country achieve the first sustainable development goal of poverty reduction. The different approaches for promoting creativity in the craft world market were discussed. Various ways craft world market can grow to encourage craft work production was therefore recommended among others.</em></p> 2024-02-16T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2024