https://www.hepan.org.ng/journal/index.php/njhe/issue/feed Nigeria Journal of Home Economics (ISSN: 2782-8131) 2022-03-07T10:33:40+01:00 Open Journal Systems <p>The official <strong>Nigerian Journal of Home Economics (Nig. JHEC) (ISSN: 2782-8131)</strong> is a publication of Home Economics Professional Association of Nigeria (HEPAN) managed by the national body. Home Economics Council of Nigeria (HECON). This professional journal of Home Economics brings together emergent issues and current trends on all aspects of Home Economics and more importantly, how Home Economics teachers and Practitioners might improve and renew the everyday work lives of Home Economics, individuals and households. It features quantitative and qualitative, disciplinary and trans-disciplinary, empirical and theoretical work and includes special editions on key development. It aims to push the boundaries of theory and research to seek out new paradigms, models and ways of framing Home Economics.</p> https://www.hepan.org.ng/journal/index.php/njhe/article/view/8 HOME ECONOMICS AND THE ACTUALIZATION OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS VISION 2030 2022-02-26T19:01:09+01:00 Diana ARUBAYI darubayig@yahoo.co.uk <p>The historical misconception of Home Economics as a female-gender dominated field of academic inquiry is changing. A paradigm shift since the proclamation by International Federation for Home Economics (IFHE) on the 21st of March 1982 in declaring a World Home Economics Day (WHED) allowed Home Economics to be positioned since the 2000's as a strategic academic and professional practical tool to help address issues in family, nations and society at large. This paper begins by understanding the concept of sustainable development by mapping out the global policy focus on international development in the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) era (2000-2015) and in the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) era (2015-2030). By doing so, this paper thematically groups the SDGs under four (4) themes (empowerment, health and wellbeing, sustainable environment and partnerships for development) by anchoring these 4 themes on education and 3 philosophical <br>pillars of Home Economics which include (Food and Nutrition, Clothing and Textiles and, Home Management). This paper therefore conceptualizes Home Economics as: Empowerment through Education; Health and Wellbeing through Nutrition Education; Environmental Sustainability through Clothing and Textiles and; Partnerships for Development through Home Management.</p> 2021-06-01T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 https://www.hepan.org.ng/journal/index.php/njhe/article/view/9 HOME ECONOMICS EDUCATION FOR DEVELOPMENT OF STRONG FAMILIES AND SUSTAINABLE NATIONAL STABILITY 2022-02-26T19:09:49+01:00 Ekemini UKO-AVIOMOH ekeminiaviomoh@gmail.com <p>A Nation is a stable community of people formed on the basis of a common language, territory, history ethnicity or psychological makeup manifested in a common culture.Members of a Nation are expected to have particular interest, autonomy and unit. Nations are believed to be formed through the fusion of a group of people through unifying historical events, memories of endeavors, sacrifice and devotion which <br>results in unity and stability (Smith, 1991).If a community is formed and it does not survive as a unit over time, it can never become nation. Stability is a major indicator of the survival of a nation.When something is stable, it means it is fixed, steady, strong, unchangeable and not likely to be shaken or d e s t a b i l i z e d A k w a r a , A k w a r a ,Oumawu&amp;Abutu(2013). Stability means ability to remain unchanged over time under stated conditions.Strong Nations are stable nations, and they provide national stability to the citizenry</p> 2021-06-01T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 https://www.hepan.org.ng/journal/index.php/njhe/article/view/16 ENHANCING EMPLOYABILITY SKILLS AMONG UNDERGRADUATES OF HOME ECONOMICS EDUCATION IN EDO STATE: IMPLICATION FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT 2022-02-27T18:14:50+01:00 B. E UWAMEIYE ineose05@yahoo.com Isoken IHENSEKHIEN isoken.ihensekhien@uniben.edu C.J Okosun njhe@hepan.org.ng <p>This study focussed on enhancing employability skills among undergraduates of Home Economics Education in Edo State. The specific purpose of the study was to determine; ways of enhancing the creativity, communication and technology skills. It adopted a descriptive survey research design. The population of the study was made up 24 lecturers of Home Economics Education from the 3 tertiary institutions in Edo State and 32 graduates who are currently working in government establishments in Edo State of Nigeria. Three research questions and corresponding hypotheses guided the study. Aself-structured questionnaire was used to gather data for the study. The mean and standard deviation were employed to answer the research question while the t-test was applied to test the hypotheses at .05 level of significance. Findings revealed 14 ways of enhancing communication skills, 12 ways of enhancing technology skill and 11 ways for enhancing creative skill among Home Economics undergraduates in tertiary institutions in Edo State. Therefore one of the recommendations proffered by the study was that, all stake holders responsible for training and teaching Home Economics Education students must improve on their methods of impacting knowledge by incorporating these employability skills for teaching and to ensure graduates are equipped for employment.</p> 2021-06-01T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 https://www.hepan.org.ng/journal/index.php/njhe/article/view/17 IMPORTANT MEDICINAL PLANTS IN NIGERIA FOR IMPROVING NUTRITION AND HEALTHY LIVING 2022-02-27T18:25:21+01:00 OLAOYE EZEOGUINE contact@hepan.org.ng S.F OLAOYE njhe@hepan.org.ng P. E Mbah njhe@hepan.org.ng U. E NNUBIA njhe@hepan.org.ng G.O Anozie njhe@hepan.org.ng <p>Human life and existence have continued to be under serious threat especially with different kinds of diseases and ailments <br>that keep emerging. Some of these diseases are environmentally induced while others are caused by poor nutrition. These <br>diseases, whether environmentally or nutritionally induced reduce performance and productivity in human. Seeking orthodox medical solutions to these life threatening diseases have not always been easy especially as their medical treatments are very expensive and come with varying side effects. Hence, the need to embrace and appreciate nature in arrays of medicinal plants which the nature has endowed us with. Medicinal plants have been used as traditional treatment for numerous human diseases for thousands of years in many parts of the world. The researchers of this paper thus focus attention on important medicinal plants and their uses in curing and management of diseases such as hypertension, Sickle Cell Anemia and eye diseases. The researchers concluded that since these medicinal plants are environmentally friendly, easily available, and cheap and have curative effect than many substandard orthodox medicines imported into the country, individual and family members should embrace them in nutrition and diseases for healthy living</p> 2021-06-01T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 https://www.hepan.org.ng/journal/index.php/njhe/article/view/23 MERCHANDISING PRACTICES AMONG ENTREPRENEURS OF BEADED ARTICLES AS A STRATEGY FOR ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT IN ABIA STATE, NIGERIA. 2022-03-02T11:58:50+01:00 Onu EKUMANKAMA umeh-ibikasandra@mouau.edu.ng <p>This study investigated the merchandising practices of entrepreneurs of beaded articles in Aba North Local<br>Government Area of Abia State, Nigeria. Specifically, the study determined the merchandising procedures,<br>quantity and frequency of sales of beaded articles as well as the constraints encountered by entrepreneurs in the<br>merchandising of beaded articles. It was a survey research. Population for the study consisted of 185<br>entrepreneurs of beaded articles in Aba North Local government, Abia State. Purposive sampling technique was<br>used to select 127 entrepreneurs involved in merchandising of beaded articles. Cronbach Alpha was used to<br>determine the reliability of the questionnaire items. A coefficient of 0.92 was obtained indicating high reliability<br>of the instrument. The data were analyzed with frequency, mean and percentages. Findings revealed that<br>majority of entrepreneurs of beaded articles were females whose ages ranged between 29 and 32 years. Majority<br>(85%) of the respondents made whole sales (85%) of beaded articles and employed daily sales forecasting<br>always (68.5%) as merchandising strategies. Inadequate finance, inadequate equipment, low demand, lack of<br>skills and expertise and fashion in vogue were identified among others as problems encountered by<br>entrepreneurs of beaded articles in the study area. Based on the findings of the study, it was recommended that<br>workshop on merchandising of goods should be organized for entrepreneurs of beaded articles in Abia State as a<br>measure for achieving economic development in the country.</p> 2022-03-02T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 https://www.hepan.org.ng/journal/index.php/njhe/article/view/27 CHEMICAL COMPOSITION AND SENSORY EVALUATION OF COOKIES PRODUCED FROM RED VARIETY OF SORGHUM, GROUNDNUT AND SOYBEAN FLOURS 2022-03-02T12:37:47+01:00 ASOMUGHA asomughachikaodinaka@gmail.com <p>Cookies are flat dry sweet biscuits eaten on a large scale across all age categories in both low and high income nations<br>where non-communicable diseases are on the increase. The experimental study was carried out to evaluate the sensory<br>properties, chemical composition (proximate), minerals (Ca, Mg, P and Zn), vitamins (pro-vitamin A,BI, B2 and E), antinutrients<br>(tannin, phytate, saponin) of four formulated composite flour cookies. They were produced from sorghum flour<br>(SF), groundnut flour (GF), soybean flour (SOF) and wheat flour (WF) and determined using standard procedures.Three of<br>the formulated composite flour cookies contained no wheat flour and were blended using the following ratio:<br>(A=70%SF:20%SOF:10%GF, B=60%SF:20%SOF:20%GF and C=50%SF:30%SOF:20%GF), respectively. The fourth<br>sample (control) had 100% wheat flour and 15 panelists evaluated the organoleptic properties of the cookies. The proximate<br>composition showed that the dry matter of the cookies ranged from 94.74% (D)-96.58% (A), moisture content ranged from<br>3.42% (A)-5.26% (D), ash content ranged from 2.27% (D)-3.73% (C), crude fiber ranged from 2.55% (D)-4.0% (C), crude<br>protein ranged from 10.87% (D)-26.92% (B), fat content ranged from 12.25% (D)-40.43% (B), carbohydrate contents<br>ranged from 20.98% (B)-66.80% (D) and the energy values ranged from 1759.49kjoules (D)-2321.87kjoules (B). Mineral<br>compositions are as follows: calcium=10.40mg/100g (C)-15.20mg/100g (A), magnesium=5.30mg/100g (A,C)-<br>7.20MG/100G (B), phosphorus=31.00mg/100g (D)-40.0mg/100g (C) and zinc=2.00mg/100g (A)-5.15MG/100G (D). The<br>cookies had significant amounts of pro-vitamin A (5.56ug/100g (D)-8.21ug/100g (B), vitamin E (2.43mg/100g (D)-<br>4.76mg/100g (B), low vitamin BI and B2 (0.21mg/100g (A)-0.44mg/100g (B) and 0.14mg/100g (D)-0.38mg/100g (B),<br>respectively. Organoleptically, all the experimental samples were similarly accepted with the control, although sample B<br>was more acceptable.The study showed that enriching sorghum flour with soybean and groundnut flours in cookies<br>production improved their nutritional value and could be used to reduce the dependency on wheat flour.</p> 2022-03-02T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 https://www.hepan.org.ng/journal/index.php/njhe/article/view/29 PRODUCTION AND SENSORY EVALUATION OF CAKES FROM A COMBINATION OF WHEAT ( TRITICUMAESTIVUM) AND ALMOND SEED( PRUNUSAMYGDALUSDULCIS) 2022-03-02T12:53:16+01:00 Onu EKUMANKAMA, lje@hepan.org.edu <p>Thestudy investigated the production and sensory evaluation of cakes from a combination of wheat and almond seed. The study adopted experimental design method. The sensory characteristics namelycolour, texture, taste, aroma, mouth feel and general acceptability were analyzed. Twenty (20) panelists were used to determine the sensory characteristics of the samples which consisted of wheat and almond flour blends.Data from the study on sensory evaluation were subjected to analysis of variance (ANOVA), the means where separated by Duncan's Multiple Range Test.Significance was accepted at p&lt;0.05.Results indicated that the control sample (100% wheat flour cake) CWF4 ranked highest in all the attributes (colour 6.20±1.11; texture 6.15±1.09; taste 6.00±1.17; aroma 5.70±1.30; mouth feel 5.70±1.56) with the exception of the aroma. Although the scores of sample CWF4 were comparable to the scores of samples CWA1 (70% wheat:30% almond), CWA2(50% wheat;50% almond) and CWA3(30% wheat:70% almond) in terms of colour, texture, aroma and general acceptability, sample CWF4 differed significantly with 100% almond seed flour cake CAF5 in all the attributes (colour 4.55±1.93; texture 4.40±1.98; taste 4.70±1.89; aroma 4.35±1.95; mouth feel 4.00±1.89). Therefore, almond seed flour used in combination with wheat flour possesses good sensory qualities that can help reduce over dependence on wheat<br>flour in cake production.</p> 2022-03-02T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 https://www.hepan.org.ng/journal/index.php/njhe/article/view/30 PROXIMATE AND VITAMINS ASSESSMENT OF NONI JUICE, LEAVES AND SEEDS AS A FUNCTIONAL FOOD SECURITY WELLNESS FOOD IN GLOBAL HEALTH 2022-03-02T13:03:50+01:00 Chidiebere NWAKANMA lje@hepan.org.edu Gloria AKUJUOBI njhe@hepan.org.ng <p>Rapid changes in dietary lifestyles, global challenges of diseases present in developing countries like Nigeria is constantly increasing making the researcher to investigate the proximate and Vitamins assessment of homemade Noni juice, leaves and seeds as a functional food security wellness food in global health. The main purpose of the study was to produce juice from Noni (MorindaCritifolia). Specifically, the study determined the proximate composition of Noni Juice, Leaves and seeds, and determined theVitamin A, B and C composition of Noni Juice, 2 leaves and seeds. The study adopted research and Development (R&amp;D) design to produce wellness fruit juice from Noni fruits, processed Noni seeds and leaves into powdered form. All the produced samples were subjected<br>to analysis to ascertain their contents. The proximate analysis results revealed moisture content of the samples ranged from 8.27 ± 0.04 to 92.55 ± 0.40, protein ranged 0.04 ± 0.01 to 14.33 ± 0.02, and fat content ranged 2.0 ± 0.01 to 3.98 ± 0.03%. Ash content ranged 1.06 ± 0.04 to 9.76 ± 0.03% crude fibre ranged 0.03 ± 0.01 to 28.70 ± 0.01%, Carbohydrate ranged 2.36 ± 0.39 to 53.45± 0.05% respectively. The vitamins results revealed the presence of reasonable amount of Vitamin A, B2 and C in the Noni Juice, leaves and seeds which shows that when taken it will help to prevent diseases like cancer, diabetes etc that is prevalent in Nigeria. This work had proved that Noni plant is a zero waste plant. It was recommended that home makers in Nigeria should plant the crop in<br>their various home gardens. The vegetables of Noni (MorindaCritifolia) can be diversified into different processing methods and utilized in food preparation. The seeds can be grounded into powdered form and use as a substitute to other beverages and sauce for food preparation. Value added products will helps to alleviate nutrients deficiency diseases. Consumers' awareness on the potential of Noni (MorindaCritifolia) should be reawakened through advertisement. Sensory evaluation should be conducted by another researcher; this will help to popularize the crop.</p> 2022-03-02T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 https://www.hepan.org.ng/journal/index.php/njhe/article/view/32 NUTRITIONAL AND SENSORY, EVALUATION OF BLENDED FLOUR OF WHITE- MAIZE,BENISEED AND DATE- FRUIT FOR PRODUCTION OF CAKE FOR ACTUALISING SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS 2022-03-03T08:51:11+01:00 D.O OPALEKE dopaleke@yahoo.com L.I SALAMI lilian.salami@uniben.edu Isoken IHENSEKHIEN, isoken.ihensekhien@uniben.edu H.O ISHAQ njhe@hepan.org.ng <p>The study evaluated the sensory and nutritional attributes of blends of white maize and beniseed(Gorigo) flour sweetened with date fruit in cake production. The experimental research design was adopted for the study.Six coded samples of cake produced from wheat, Maize flour, beniseed flour and date fruit: WHS(100%Wheat +Sugar), WHD(100% Wheat +Date), MS(100% Maize+sugar), MD(100% Maize +Date), MBS(50% Maize+50% Beniseed+sugar), MBD(50% Maize+50% Beniseed+Date) were subjected to proximate content dtermination and sensory evaluation. The data obtained were subjected to descriptive and inferential statistics.The result revealed that there was significant difference (p&lt;0.05) in the colour, aroma, taste, texture and overall acceptability of the products, with the sampleWHSbeing most preferred and the sample MD (being least preferred. Sample MBD was least preferred across all sensory quality and overall acceptability.Result of nutritional composition of samples showed that crude protein, moisture, crude fat, crude fibre and ash increased from 7.31 to 11.70, 9.80 to 12.47, 17.26 to 20.17, 2.03 to 2.35, and 1.05 to 1.84 respectively in the maize-beniseed-datesample. However, carbohydrate content reduced from 60.27 in the wheat-date sample to 1.49 in the maize-beniseed-date sample. WHS was most preferred with mean score of 7.73, while sample MDwas least preferred with mean score of 5.40.The study concludes that the maize-beniseed-date sample least preferred across all sensory qualities, the nutritional composition of sample showed that crude protein, moisture, crude fat, crude fibre and ash increased in the maize-beniseed-date sample. It was therefore recommended that the production of maize-beniseed-date sample should be encouraged for its rich source of <br>nutrients, and dietitians should recommend the maize-beniseed-date caketo patients with gluten sensitivity (Celiac patients) and those with protein-energy malnutrition.</p> 2021-06-01T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 https://www.hepan.org.ng/journal/index.php/njhe/article/view/60 DETERMINING THE FUNCTIONAL APPAREL DESIGN REQUIREMENTS OF PREGNANT WOMEN IN LAGOS STATE 2022-03-03T13:34:31+01:00 Oluwaleyimu OLUFUNKE opeyemileyimu@yahoo.com <p>This study focused on the determination of functional apparel design requirements of pregnant women in Lagos<br>State. Three specific objectives with three corresponding research questions guided the study. Survey design was<br>used. The population consisted of 1,074,320 respondents comprising 1,069,125 registered pregnant women, 3,686<br>registered nurses, 1,500 registered garment makers and 09 clothing and textile lecturers. The sample size was 996<br>respondents drawn from the four groups that constituted the population for the study. Questionnaire was used for<br>data collection. Data were analysed using means, standard deviation and t-text. Results indicate among others, that<br>the overall shape or silhouette apparel design showing gathering at the yoke (X=4.01), light and non-constricting<br>(X=3.85), have adjustable waistline (X=3.79), be fashionable and sporty styles (X=3.86) determine the functional<br>apparel design requirements to a high extent. The study recommended, among others, that the garment makers and<br>apparel industries in Nigeria should encourage the production of smart, stylish and attractive designs that are<br>functional and aesthetic for pregnant women. Nurses and other stakeholders also should educate the pregnant<br>women on the apparel design requirements suitable for use.</p> 2022-03-03T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 https://www.hepan.org.ng/journal/index.php/njhe/article/view/53 ACHIEVING SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS ON VISION 2030 THROUGH ENTREPRENEURSHIP IN FOOD AND NUTRITION EDUCATION 2022-03-03T11:52:37+01:00 Omolara Ogbonyomi larimmy22@gmail.com <p>The 2030 Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) provides a shared blueprint for global peace and development.<br>The 17 Sustainable Development goals is a wake up call for deprivations it is inextricably global action They<br>recognize that ending poverty and others linked with strategies that improve health and education, reduce<br>inequality, and spur economic growth while tackling climate change and working to preserve our nature.<br>Many of the goals are applicable to the field of Home Economics either directly or indirectly. Entrepreneurship<br>in Home Economics brings the focus of households as building blocks of sustainable societies. This paper<br>examines the conceptual clarification of sustainable development, Home Economics, Entrepreneurship, The<br>role of Home Economics Entrepreneurship in actualizing sustainable development goals It discussed extensively<br>on ways of Identifying and exploiting entrepreneurship opportunities in Home Economics for sustainable<br>economic goal, Entrepreneurship skill development in Home Economics programmes. The paper concludes that<br>there should be more emphases on practical based entrepreneurial skill acquisition in Home Economics<br>programmes in our institutions rather than the emphasis on theory as this would help students to develop<br>realistic career orientations beneficial to sustainable development. The study recommended among others that<br>schools should organize Home Economics entrepreneurship competitions to motivate young people to<br>develop their potential and prepare them to be stars of tomorrow's employment market.</p> 2022-03-03T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 https://www.hepan.org.ng/journal/index.php/njhe/article/view/52 THE ROLE OF ENTREPRENEURSHIP EDUCATION AND HOME ECONOMICS SKILLS IN ACTUALIZING SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS OF VISION 2030 2022-03-03T11:43:53+01:00 Ese AGBIGBE biggladys4real058@gmail.com <p>Innovative thinking and creativity leadto acquisition of skills and opportunities which are embedded in the study<br>of Entrepreneurship education and Home Economics. Teaching these courses in Nigerian schools is one ways of<br>attaining and actualizing sustainable development goals of vision 2030. Equipping the youths with various skills<br>through training will lead to the realization of different opportunities in Entrepreneurship and Home Economics<br>this will go a long way in actualizing development goals of vision 2030, which aims at a hunger free, poverty free<br>nation and employment opportunities everywhere. This paper attempts to look at the concept of<br>Entrepreneurship and Home Economics with their objectives, concept of skills, sustainable development and the<br>role of Entrepreneurship education and Home Economics in actualizing sustainable development of vision 2030.<br>In conclusion, it was recommended that, Entrepreneurship education and Home Economics be introduced at all<br>levels of educational institutions from nursery to university, so that solid foundation will be laid on which careers<br>will be built through skills acquired on training.</p> 2022-03-03T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 https://www.hepan.org.ng/journal/index.php/njhe/article/view/70 A SURVEY ON VOCATIONAL ENTREPRENUER SKILLS SUBJECT GRADUATES ATTAINMENT OF NERDC (2009) GOAL: PANACEA TO SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT VISION 2030, DELTA STATE 2022-03-07T10:33:40+01:00 Patience Okafor patokaslimited@yahoo.com G. A OKONKWO njhe@hepan.org.ng <p>The study aimed at establishing if Home Economics Trade – Subject teachers in Delta North Senatorial Zone can identify business enterprises established by their graduates in the society, students' common areas of interest and constraints militating against students' effective acquisition of knowledge, skills and attitudes needed for successful entrance to the world of work upon graduation three research questions guided study , a survey research design was employed, a purposive sampling technique was used to select seventy eight (78) Home Economics trade subjects teachers in all public secondary schools, a questionnaire consisting of thirty (30) closed – end items were used to collect data; data collected was analyzed using mean ( )Result revealed that graduates has entrepreneurial business ventures in Garment making (tailoring and clothing constructions) ( = 2.5); Cosmetology (Hair dressing saloon, pedicure and manicure) ( =2.7); Common area of interest is catering craft practices and constrains includes, inadequate learning materials, teachers inefficiency in manipulative skills and limited lesson periods among others. Based on these findings, it was recommended that Federal Ministry of Education should organize in-service training for trade subjects' teachers, as well as provide adequate learning material for effective learning</p> 2021-06-01T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 https://www.hepan.org.ng/journal/index.php/njhe/article/view/69 ENTERPRISES IN CLOTHING AND TEXTILES AVAILABLE TO HOME ECONOMICS GRADUATES 2022-03-07T10:23:49+01:00 Elizabeth MADU Maduen2014@gmail.com <p>This paper focused on Enterprises in Clothing and Textiles Available to Home Economics Graduates. The paper, examined some enterprises available for Home Economics Graduates. Example; Bead-work enterprise, knitting enterprises, weaving enterprise, sewing enterprise, textile enterprise, dyingenterprise, crochetingenterprise, textile clothing merchandising enterprise, among others. It also discussed some strategies for enhancing teaching and learning in clothing and textile education. The recommendations made include: Clothing and Textiles teachers should be encouraged to go teaching training to acquire more knowledge on enterprise issues. More time should be allocated for practical lessons to give students time for mastery of enterprise issues, Seminar on clothing and textiles should be organized by Home Economics lecturers to identify the enterprise knowledge required by students for clothing and textiles and ensure that students are imparted, Government should provide laboratories and equipment for proper infusion of enterprise issues in teaching clothing and textiles among others</p> 2021-06-01T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022