Nigeria Journal of Home Economics (ISSN: 2782-8131) 2022-11-15T15:53:18+01:00 Open Journal Systems <p>The official <strong>Nigerian Journal of Home Economics (Nig. JHEC) (ISSN: 2782-8131)</strong> is a publication of Home Economics Professional Association of Nigeria (HEPAN) managed by the national body. Home Economics Council of Nigeria (HECON). This professional journal of Home Economics brings together emergent issues and current trends on all aspects of Home Economics and more importantly, how Home Economics teachers and Practitioners might improve and renew the everyday work lives of Home Economics, individuals and households. It features quantitative and qualitative, disciplinary and trans-disciplinary, empirical and theoretical work and includes special editions on key development. It aims to push the boundaries of theory and research to seek out new paradigms, models and ways of framing Home Economics.</p> SECURING FAMILY FUTURE FOR SUSTAINABILITY IN RETIREMENT: A HOME ECONOMICS PERSPECTIVE 2022-11-14T13:02:38+01:00 J. U Iyasele <p>The first four Sustainable Development Goals of 17 <br>United Nations Sustainable Development Goals <br>(SDGs), are; (1) No poverty (2), Zero hunger (3), <br>Good health and well-being (4), Quality Education. <br>It is wished by the United Nations that no citizen <br>under the global space be poor, hungry, of bad health <br>and well-being and of poor-quality education. But <br>retirement, which is the withdrawal from one's <br>position or occupation or from one's active working <br>life, is a threat to these SDGs if not well planned.<br>Many people choose to retire when they are old or <br>incapable of doing their job due to one reason or the <br>other. But most government compulsorily retires <br>members of her work force at set bench marks. In <br>Nigeria, the age ranges from 60years to 65years or <br>after 35 years of service. By negotiation of labour <br>union, university staff may retire at either 65 years <br>or 70 years. People may also retire when they are <br>eligible for private or public pension benefits and go <br>to work for themselves. Others retire due to <br>legislation. <br>Overall income after retirement can come from <br>social security (non-existent in many countries in <br>Africa including Nigeria), Pension, private savings, <br>donations (from children and other family <br>members), investment,</p> 2022-06-30T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 FAMILY LIVING, FAMILY LIFE CYCLE AND RETIREMENT IN THE NEW NORMAL ERA 2022-11-14T13:10:48+01:00 EKEMINI E. UKO-AVIOMOH <p>Marriage is one of the most important institutions in <br>the world. It was created by God for companionship <br>and procreation. Most people marry for these <br>reasons to form a household .Others chose to form <br>their households with or without marriage/ children <br>but through adoption or by living with members of <br>their extended family till retirement at old age. The <br>purpose of these decisions is to promote and enjoy <br>fully the joy of the different steps involved in family <br>development and healthy family living.</p> 2022-06-30T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 RETIREMENT PREPAREDNESS FOR FINANCIAL SUSTAINABILITY AMONG STAFF OF TERTIARY INSTITUTIONS IN EDO STATE. 2022-11-14T13:17:57+01:00 Ihensekhien, I Busari-Soyinka Olabisi Azubike, C.O Mbah, P.E. Salami, L.I <p>The study assessed Retirement preparedness for financial sustainability among staff of tertiary institutions <br>in Edo State. Retirement planning is a life-long process. The study adopted the descriptive survey design. <br>Three research questions guided the study. The population for the study was 14,437 comprising academic <br>and non -academic staff of three Universities in Edo State. Multistage random sampling technique was used <br>to determine the sample size of 1156 staff for the study. The instrument for data collection was a structured <br>questionnaire validated by three experts while the reliability coefficient of 0.88 was obtained using the <br>Cronbach Alpha reliability technique. Data was analyzed using descriptive statistics. The results showered <br>that Majority of the staff perceived retirement as a long-life process involving financial planning,<br>the study also showed that the respondent perceived that it is necessary to plan for retirement. Findings <br>showed that the level of staff preparedness for retirement is not adequate, and that the major source of income<br>at retirement would be interest from target savings and other investment. Based on the findings, the study <br>recommended, that Staff of tertiary institutions should be well informed on retirement and its processes <br>through seminars/workshop as this will increase their perception on retirement and employees should seek <br>to acquire knowledge on financial planning, financial management and entrepreneurial skills as these will <br>help them to adjust to retirement life.&nbsp;</p> 2022-06-30T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 A SURVEY ON CIVIL SERVANT PERCEPTION OF RETIREMENT AND THEIR PROPOSED MANAGEMENT STRATEGIES IN OSHIMILI SOUTH, DELTA STATE 2022-11-14T13:28:55+01:00 Anene-Okeakwa, J. E Okafor Patience patokaslimited@Yahoo.Com <p>The study examined the Oshimili South civil servants’ perception of retirement, reasons why they engage in <br>negative action to delay being retired, and their willingness to engage in income generating ventures after <br>retirement. A survey research design was employed for the study. The population consisted of sixty (60) <br>senior civil servants with Federal and State public offices in the local government. A structured questionnaire <br>was used for data collection, data collected were analyzed using mean. Result obtained revealed that civil <br>servants in Oshimili South Local Government Area perceive retirement as a malicious art of the government <br>(p=2.6) and that factors influencing their manipulation of personal official record is to delay retirement and <br>that they are also willing to engage in entrepreneurial income generating activities after retirement. Based <br>on these findings, it was recommended that the Federal and State ministry of labour and employment should <br>organize, seminars and workshops on regular bases to sensitize civil servants to plan and prepare for income <br>generating ventures they could be engaged, in the post retirement days, as their government employment is <br>not a life-time appointment.</p> 2022-06-30T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 HOME ECONOMICS SKILL ACQUISITION FOR SUSTAINABLE RETIREMENT. 2022-11-14T13:42:32+01:00 Adebayo Olayide O Oluwadare Adenike Orisamika, Olubukola S <p>The study assessed the level of workers’ skill acquisition in readiness for retirement among the Academic <br>staff of Bamidele Olumilua University of Education, Science and Technology, Ikere. The study adopted a <br>descriptive research design. The sample size of 160 workers was drawn from the population of 345 members <br>of Academic Staff Union of Universities (ASUU), Bamidele Olumilua University of Education, Science and <br>Technology, Ikere chapter. The instrument for data collection was a self-structured questionnaire tagged <br>“BASARQ BOUESTI ASSU Skill Acquisition for Retirement Questionnaire. Two research questions raised <br>to guide the study were answered using descriptive analysis of simple frequency count, percentage, mean <br>and standard deviation. Two (2) research hypotheses formulated for the study was tested at 0.05 level of <br>significance using Pearson Product Moment Correlation statistic. Findingsrevealed that there was significant <br>influence of awareness and orientation about Home Economics skill acquisition on the retirement plan of <br>workers. It was also revealed that there was no significant influence of high-level awareness of Home <br>Economics skill acquisition on the retirement plan of workers. The study concluded that employee’s previous <br>education, training, and experience on entrepreneurship can serve as means of preparing employees for <br>entrepreneurship at retirement. The study recommended that workers should not depend on government <br>pension scheme alone for retirement plan rather they should acquire laudable skills especially in-Home<br>Economics as a way to sustain themselves when government pension fails. Also, it was recommended that <br>Home Economics programmes and extension programmes such as workshops, seminars, symposium, and <br>conferences should be organized in establishments to create awareness of the various skills in Home <br>economics.</p> 2022-06-30T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 CONSUMPTION PATTERN OF VITAMIN A FOOD SOURCES AMONG HOUSEHOLDS IN ORUMBA SOUTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF ANAMBRA STATE 2022-11-14T13:53:21+01:00 Nomeh Blessing C. <p>The study focused on consumption pattern of vitamin A food sources among households. Specifically, the <br>study identified vitamin A food sources and its retinol equivalent available to households; consumption <br>pattern of food categories among the households; vitamin A food consumption pattern of households using <br>diet history (24 – hour diet recall). The population was made up of 91,249 women in Orumba South Local <br>Government Area of Anambra State. The study was a survey. Questionnaire was used for data collection. <br>Data was analysed using percentages. Major findings were that vitamin A food sources were available in <br>Orumba South Local Government Area. The result revealed daily consumption of some food categories like <br>fruits and vegetables, legumes and animal and animal products (34%, 34% and 21.2%) respectively. <br>However, on diet history 20% consume carrot (90 – 3600 retinol equivalents, while 74% consume pumpkin<br>leaf with (300RE) while palm oil was consumed by 94% of the respondent with retinol equivalent of (3000<br>RE). The study concludes that vitamin A food sources were available in Orumba South Local Government <br>Area but consumption of such food was low. The paper recommended that there is need for proper planning, <br>organisation and political will to sustain vitamin A programmes at community level.</p> 2022-06-30T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 FOOD AND NUTRITION EDUCATION FOR HEALTHY LIFE AT RETIREMENT AND GRACEFUL AGING 2022-11-14T14:02:49+01:00 Nana Roslyn Agbigbe Gladys Ese <p>Aging is the major reason for retirement from active service. In Nigeria, retirement is between the age of 65 <br>and 70years as the case may be. At such ages, intellectual and physical enthusiasm decreases; therefore, it is<br>necessary to relieve workers of some vigorous and severe jobs that may break them down to the detriment <br>of their health. Among the many challenges faced at retirement, this study is particular about the aspect of <br>dwindling health and diseases. This study focuses on ways food and nutrition education can be a panacea to <br>sustainable retirement. Morbidity and frailty increase when workers are aging and getting ready for <br>retirement. Ignorance of nutrition and healthy eating at this stage of life will have devastating effect on the <br>overall wellbeing of retirees. Protein and micronutrient malnutrition are associated with increased mortality, <br>weakening of the muscle, depression, impaired immunity, skin problems, and poor cognition. Adequate <br>knowledge on nutritional education is essential for employees at retirement age for them to begin to see the <br>importance of diet quality for a healthy life at retirement. This study concludes that poor nutritional intake <br>due to ignorance of food and nutritional values can lead to chronic diseases like diabetes mellitus, high blood <br>cholesterol, cancer, severe lung disease, heart disease, dementia, high blood pressure, osteoporosis, obesity <br>and overweight. The study therefore recommends food and nutrition education for all employees mostly <br>those close to retirement age as well as retirees for sustainable retirement years.</p> 2022-06-30T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 CLOTHING AND TEXTILE TECHNICAL SKILLS UTILIZED BY HOME ECONOMICS LECTURERS FOR SUSTAINABLE RETIREMENT PLANS IN RIVERS STATE 2022-11-14T14:26:26+01:00 SONYE, C. U USOROH, C. I <p>The study investigated clothing and textile technical skills utilized by Home Economics lecturers for <br>sustainable retirement plans in Rivers State. Two research questions and hypotheses guided the study. Survey <br>research design was employed. The population for the study was made up of the Home Economics lecturers <br>in four tertiary institutions in the study area. No sampling was done as the population was small therefore, <br>the entire population was used for the study. A structured questionnaire was used for data collection. The <br>instrument was validated by three experts. Cronbach alpha method was used to determine the reliability of <br>instruments with a coefficient of 0.82. Data were analysed using mean, standard deviation and t-test. <br>Findings revealed that Home Economics lecturers own clothing and textile business enterprise such as <br>garment making shop (2.67±1.20; 2.52 ± 1.16)), clothing merchandising shop (3.31±0.67; 3.00 ± 0.34)), <br>hair dressing salon (2.52±0.98; 2.50 ± 0.74)), fashion school (2.56±1.07; 2.50 ± 0.98)), fabric accessory <br>shop (2.76±0.76; 2.67 ± 0.59)) among others. Also, ways Home Economics lecturers prepare to <br>supplement their financial resources after retirement for sustainable life included keeping personal savings <br>with a bank (3.57±1.20; 3.52 ± 1.16)), monthly contribution pension scheme (4.00±0.00; 4.00 ± 0.00)), <br>investing in landed properties (3.96±1.07; 3.90 ± 0.98)) among others. There was no significant difference <br>in the mean ratings of Home Economics lecturers in Federal and State tertiary institutions in the state. The <br>study concludes that life during retirement requires planning and preparedness for it as retired life actually <br>needs financial sufficiency to spice it up. It was recommended among others that Home Economics lecturers <br>should venture into more clothing and textile related business venture as numerous opportunities exist in the <br>area and that they should actively and consciously make decisions and invest more on assets and acquire <br>more skills and training as a way of preparing for retirement.</p> 2022-06-30T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 ENTREPRENEURSHIP EDUCATION FOR SUSTAINABLE RETIREMENT AMONG LECTURERS IN COLLEGES OF EDUCATION IN DELTA STATE, NIGERIA 2022-11-14T14:33:12+01:00 Isibor, Angela Osas. Iyegbu, Rhoda Uzoamaka <p>The paper looked at the relevance of entrepreneurship training among lecturers of colleges of education in <br>Delta State, Nigeria and also the strategies for improving entrepreneurship training among lecturers of <br>colleges of education in Delta State, Nigeria. The study adopted descriptive survey design. The population <br>for the study consists of all the Home economics lecturers in the four colleges of education in Delta State <br>which were all accommodated as the sample size. Questionnaire Survey entitled “Importance of <br>Entrepreneurship Education for Sustainable RetirementQuestionnaire” (IEESRQ) data collection. The <br>instrument was validated by lecturers in Delta State University Abraka; two experts in Home Economics and <br>Measurement and Evaluation lecturer. The dependability of the instrument was determined by administering <br>the instrument on ten (10) lecturers from AlvanIkoku Federal Collage of Education Owerri. The resultsof <br>the study revealed that there is a significant relationship between entrepreneurship education and sustainable <br>retirement among lecturers in colleges of education in and that government. Based on the findings, the study <br>suggested among others that there is need to improve entrepreneur training among lecturers.<br>Keywords: , , , , Entrepreneur, Training.</p> 2022-06-30T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 ENTREPRENEURIAL SKILLS: A PANACEA FOR THE RETIREES’ SUSTAINABILITY 2022-11-14T14:42:44+01:00 Okonkwo, G. A Eze, J. N <p>This paper inspected entrepreneurship skills as a panacea for economic sustainability for retirees. Prospective <br>retirees should be engaged with entrepreneurship at retirement, to offer them alternative income at retirement <br>as this is very important owing to the difficult economic condition in our country today. In Nigeria today <br>many retirees are at crossroads due to the absence of entrepreneurial skills, they need to re-engage themselves <br>after retirement especially when they are still strong and have families to take care of. Acquired<br>entrepreneurship skills after retirement will help to make the retirees active, pursue their passion, and <br>supplement their source of income. Studies have revealed that the average retiree will have some health <br>challenges after a few years of retirement such as heart disease, stroke arthritis, and depression. Staying <br>motivated, active, and connected is the best means to combat health challenges due to aging. Having a skill <br>will go a long way in solving this issue. This study however focused on four entrepreneurship skills which <br>include risk-taking/adaptation skills, creative thinking skills, record keeping skills, and administrative skills. <br>The research recommended that Public servants and prospective retirees ought to see life beyond the daily <br>routine of their jobs and endeavor to acquire entrepreneurial skills such as risk-taking/adaptation, creative <br>thinking, record keeping, and administrative skill in getting ready for the rainy day, Pre-retirement <br>entrepreneurship skill development plan should be highly encouraged in public service by the government, <br>non-governmental organizations and others.</p> 2022-06-30T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 IN-DEPT IMPLEMENTATION OF HOME MANAGEMENT PRACTICES: IMPLICATION FOR RETIREES IN DELTA STATE 2022-11-14T14:50:20+01:00 Efebhor, Patricia E. Igbineweka, Susan O <p>Managing life after retirement involves planning for a new lifestyle that is unpredictable and unavoidable <br>when one retires from active duty. The necessity to plan, adopt and implement strategies to alleviate the <br>challenges associated with life after retirement cannot be overemphasized. The home, which is the place of <br>rest after retirement, is a very important variable for overall well-being. The purpose of this study is to help <br>individuals realize that retirement is an inescapable stage of life and that at the same time there is life after <br>active service and that the home becomes the post-retirement home itself, home management practices must <br>be well articulated to avoid the inconveniences of life that can lead to various types of maladjustment. The <br>researcher therefore took a theoretical approach to examine the importance of implementing home <br>management practices. Suggestions for successful implementation were made and a conclusion was drawn.</p> 2022-06-30T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 ENTREPRENEURSHIP SKILLS IN FOOD AND NUTRITION EDUCATION: A PANACEA FOR SUSTAINABLE RETIREMENT 2022-11-14T14:58:10+01:00 Ogbonyomi, Omolara Bosede <p>Retirement can be explained as an event in an individual’s life which marks a withdrawal from active service, <br>terminating an accustomed pattern of life and transiting to a new one. It is the stage in which employees have <br>to leave the workforce on a permanent basis so as to prepare for their twilight years. Life after retirement for <br>majority of retirees is not a rosy one owing to ineffective preparation and planning for post-retirement years. <br>Venturing into a business venture at an old age is an interesting phenomenon. Public servants have a variety <br>of economic activities to venture into after retirement and entrepreneurship in Food and Nutrition education <br>is one of those ventures. This paper focuses on the conceptual clarification of Food and Nutrition, Retirees <br>and Entrepreneurship; the Place of Food and Nutrition Entrepreneur-ship in economic sustainability during <br>post retirement. It will discuss extensively on ways of Identifying and exploiting entrepreneurship <br>opportunities in Food and Nutrition for sustainable economic during retirement. It will also identify some of <br>the challenges of Entrepreneurship skill development in Food and Nutrition Education. Adequate <br>preparations and planning by all employees for post-retirement will curb the effects of postretirement <br>anxiety, financial insufficiency, prevailing cost of living, poor feeding, depression and ill-health. Adequate <br>exposure of employees to skills, knowledge and attitude in food and Nutrition education is will help them to <br>develop strong foundation that will enable them sustain the family’s future.</p> 2022-06-30T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 EXPLORING HOME ECONOMICS EDUCATION ENTREPRENEURIA SKILLS AS A TOOL FOR SUSTAINABLE RETIREMENT PLAN FOR RETIREES 2022-11-14T15:08:25+01:00 Orumwense, Faith Ejetavwo Orumwense <p>This paper examines home economics education entrepreneurial skills as a tool for developing sustainable <br>retirement plan for retirees. It identified amongst others the areas of Home Economics Education where <br>entrepreneurial skills can be developed for a sustainable retirement plan, concept of retirement, overview of <br>retirement plan, constraints of sustainable retirement plan; it also highlighted strategies for developing a <br>sustainable retirement plan for retirees. Some recommendations were made and the paper concluded that <br>Home Economics Education provides knowledge and skills in various areas of Home Economics such as <br>food and nutrition, clothing and textiles and home management which can be useful in enhancing retiree’s <br>capabilities for self-employment ventures.</p> 2022-06-30T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 PROXIMATE COMPOSITION AND SENSORY EVALUATION OF CAKE PRODUCED FROM WATER YAM (DIOSCOREA ALATA) A PANACEA FOR SURVIVAL AFTER RETIREMENT IN NIGERIA 2022-11-14T15:12:48+01:00 Chukwuka, Florence Obiageli Omeneogo, Joy Enwelim Nwabah, N.I <p>Cake is a staple food product which has gained acceptance among consumer in the world today especially <br>in Nigeria. Considering the present economic crises and recession with late payment of retirees in Nigeria, <br>finding the alternative to the imported and very expensive wheat for survival after retirement will not be a <br>bad idea. The study was carried out to examine the possibility of the use of water yam flour that grows easily <br>in Nigeria for the production of cake for a maximum profit in Nigeria. This was done by analyzing the <br>proximate composition and sensory evaluation of cake produced from water yam flour. The sample was <br>subjected to sensory evaluation on colour, texture, taste, flavor and general acceptability a nine point hedonic <br>scale was used. Twenty panelists were used for the sensory evaluation. Data was analyzed using mean and <br>analysis of variation (ANOVA). Six code samples at 100% water yam flour, 100% wheat flour, 80%, 20%, <br>70%, 30%, 60%, 40%, 50%, 50% of water yam flour and wheat flour respectively. The instrument used was <br>Sensory Evaluation Score Sheet (SESS) filled by the panelists during the testing session. They were <br>evaluated for colour, taste, flavor, texture and general acceptability. Results obtained showed that cake and <br>biscuits samples had majority of the respondents/subjects like slightly (LS) on the ground of taste, colour, <br>flavor, texture and acceptability were accepted except for the case of texture of physical properties of cake <br>to which they indicated neither like nor dislike (NLND). Proximate analysis was determined by food analysis <br>(moisture, crude protein, ash, crude fibre and carbohydrate). Based on these findings, it was concluded that <br>cake produced from water yam flour and wheat flour be recommended for food and pastries manufacturing <br>companies for production and marketing. It is recommended that cake from water yam and wheat flour <br>should be taken because it improves the nutritional value of confectionaries.</p> 2022-06-30T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 COPING MEASURES OF RETIREES FOR NON-PAYMENT OF PENSION AND GRATUITY IN OMOKU, RIVER STATE 2022-11-14T15:23:05+01:00 Nnubia, U.E. Ejinkeonye, U.B Lilly Gloria <p>The study investigated the coping measures of retirees for non-payment of pension and gratuity in Omoku<br>Rivers State. Four research questions and one hypothesis guided the study. Description survey design was <br>adopted for the study. The population for the study was 80 retirees; purposeful technique was used to select-<br>36 retirees. Questionnaire was the instrument for data collection. The instrument was validated by three <br>professionals. The reliability co-efficient of 0.81 was obtained using the spearmen correlation coefficient. <br>Mean and standard deviation was used to analyze the research questions while t-test was used to test the null <br>hypothesis. The findings among others include, plagued with health challenges (x=2.27), always borrowing <br>to meet the family demands (x=2.31), becoming contractors and consultants (x = 2.05) utilization of family<br>resources, for the family members (x=2.52) and free medical care for retirees (x=2.93). Some<br>recommendations were made based on the findings which include that bounds extended family system <br>should be strengthened.</p> 2022-06-30T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 MANAGEMENT OF DAY CARE CENTER BY RETIRED WOMEN: A PANACEA FOR SUSTAINABLE RETIREMENT 2022-11-14T15:32:53+01:00 Obisesan, Dorcas Olajoju <p>Retirement is the period of time when a person decides to leave the labour permanently. It is simply the end <br>of employment, which denotes a period of significant change in every employee's life. Typically, these <br>changes are upsetting and traumatic for the retiree. Taking care of a child is like tending to a garden's plants. <br>Children need proper care and nurturing to develop into strong adults, just as plants need water, sunlight, <br>and fertilizer to grow up healthily. The upbringing of the children is crucial to everyone's life. The operation <br>of a high-quality day care center business, the varieties that are available, tips for choosing good ones, its <br>traits, dangers, and difficulties, as well as its implications for retiree sustainability, are all examined in this <br>study. The study came to the conclusion that daycare facilities offer working-class parents a solution to their <br>dilemma by relieving their tension and exhaustion. Among other things, it was advised that the government <br>support the provision of infrastructure for all daycare facilities, schools, and levels of education to ensure <br>their efficient operation.</p> 2022-06-30T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 LIFE LONG LEARNING FOR RESKILLING BY HOUSEHOLDS HEADS TOWARDS RETIREMENT FOR SUSTAINABLE SURVIVAL: HOME ECONOMICS PERSPECTIVE 2022-11-15T14:01:50+01:00 Uwameiye, B.E Aluyor, P <p>Over the years Nigeria has suffered economic downturn which has spiraled into all areas of life and living among the people. A major area is this incessant delay in the payment of retired persons their entitlement, which comes in form of pensions and gratuities. This awful habit by government and employers expose or rather subject retired persons to indescribable adversity such as deprivation, sickness and even death in worse cases. Thus, making retirement a period that is feared by employees. This paper examines lifelong learning for reskilling among retired households head for sustainable survival. It x-rays the rationale for lifelong learning, benefit of lifelong learning and suggested skills relevant for the present digital age. Thoroughly discussed were skills such as: ICTs, catering, entrepreneur, agricultural entrepreneur, clothing and fashion technology.</p> 2022-06-30T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 STRATEGIES FOR ENHANCING THE INTEGRATION OF ENTREPRENEURSHIP EDUCATION INTO HOME ECONOMICS FOR SUSTAINABLE RETIREMENT OF WOMEN IN UMUNNEOCHI, ABIA STATE 2022-11-15T14:08:45+01:00 Obunadike, Joy Chinwe Esiowu, A. Priscilla Ndubuka C.J <p>The study focused on strategies for enhancing the integration of entrepreneurship education into Home Economics for sustainable retirement of women in Umunneochi LGA. Three research questions and one hypothesis guided the study. The study adopted a survey research design. Area of the study was Umunneochi LGA, Abia State. Population of the study was 3,450. It was made up of all rural and urban women living in Umunneochi LGA. Sample for the study was multistage sampling techniques. Nneato, Isuochi and Umuchieze were used for the study. Each of the three areas has three (3), eight (8) and four (4) communities respectively given a total of 15 communities. In the second stage, purposive sampling techniques was used to select 420 (120 urban &amp; 300 rural) women. Instrument for data collection was structured questionnaire. It was validated by three experts. The reliability of the instrument was pilot tested. Cronbach alpha was used to determine the internal consistency of the instrument. From data collection techniques, all copies of questionnaire were completed correctly and return. Mean and standard Deviation were used for data Analysis while t-test was used to test the hypothesis. Findings include 10 factors affecting entrepreneurship education, 7 importance of entrepreneurship education and 12 strategies for enhancing the integration of entrepreneurship education. From the hypothesis analysed, there was no significant difference. From the findings, recommendations were made among which is that government should assist in training entrepreneurship educators to strengthen them, give loan to entrepreneurship educators.</p> 2022-06-30T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 CONTRIBUTORY PENSION SCHEME: PANACEA FOR RETIREMENT WOES IN NIGERIA 2022-11-15T14:20:36+01:00 Okoh, Patricia Ayaegbunem <p>Pension management in Nigeria seems to have assumed a serious concern to the citizenry especially retirees. Over the years, funding has been the major challenge that successive government had had to grapple with. This creates avoidable problems to retirees especially, government employees, whose pension entitlements are delayed or not paid at all before they die. This resulted in the introduction of Contributary pension scheme in 2004. Part of the reason for introduction of the scheme is to resolve the issues of paucity of funds, fraud and other governance issues that dogged the Defined Benefit Scheme (Old Pension Scheme). The new scheme, Contributory Pension Scheme, is a flee from this malaise and allows workers in the formal sector to contribute to the scheme, through their salaries, while the employer contributes a stipulated percentage by law into the scheme’s treasury called. The Retirement Saving Account RSA). The essence is to reduce the financial burden of funding retirement process which was solely borne by the employers but now shared by both employers and employees in the new arrangement (CPS). This paper examined the objectives of the scheme, its benefits and challenges. The paper, however, concluded that the pension scheme is a robust, safe and dependable packaged for retirees. The paper, therefore recommended that, states, in collaboration with employers in the private sector should emphasize on the scheme to ameliorate the suffering of workers and eradicate poverty at retirement.</p> 2022-06-30T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 NUTRITIONAL KNOWLEDGE, RETIREMENT PREPAREDNESS AND ENTREPRENEURIAL SKILLS OF EMPLOYEES OF TERTIARY EDUCATION IN RIVERS STATE, NIGERIA 2022-11-15T14:42:15+01:00 Amadi, G.A. China, M.A.H <p>This study assesses nutritional knowledge, retirement preparedness and entrepreneurial skills of employees in public tertiary institutions in Rivers State, Nigeria. Three research questions and objectives were formulated to guide the study. The research population consisted of 9,000 Staff of tertiary education in Rivers State, Nigeria. There hundred and eighty-three (383) from the research population were selected as respondents using simple random sampling technique. A structured questionnaire titled “Nutritional knowledge, retirement preparedness and entrepreneurial skills of employees in public tertiary education institutions in Rivers State, Nigeria were constructed. The questionnaire was validated by three experts with a reliability coefficient of 0.69 which showed high reliability and thus considered satisfactory and stable for the study. Data were analyzed using frequency, percentages, mean and standard deviation. The findings reveal that employees of Staff of tertiary education in Rivers State, Nigeria had good nutritional knowledge. Nutrition is pivotal in the prevention of diseases, promotion and maintaining of good health. Employees had poor retirement preparedness with to savings but run business ventures such as selling of food items; agribusiness, catering, education, real estate, consultancy, beauty and health; and household cleaning production. However, high family obligations, expensive business costs, and difficulties in obtaining credit were serious challenges. Staff could, for example, establish a culture of saving and engaging in entrepreneurship to ensure financial viability following retirement.</p> 2022-06-30T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 ENTREPRENEURIAL SKILLS FOR SUSTAINABLE LIFE AT RETIREMENT 2022-11-15T14:48:18+01:00 Itagar, Oghenevwarhe Emoefe Joy <p>The study explored the Home Economics teacher’s opinion on the entrepreneurial skills that are regarded as necessary for a sustainable life at retirement in Warri South Local Government Area of Delta State, Nigeria. The objective of this study is to examine various entrepreneurship opportunities available to Home Economics retirees’ teachers after retirement from active service as a measure for sustainable retirement in contemporary Nigeria. The study adopted a descriptive survey research method to solicit information from a population of 70 Home Economics teachers on a 5-point scale. Data were analyzed using means and standard deviations. The results indicate that cooking /restaurants management, house-keeping and basic home management, finance management, laundry, and sewing machine skills are indispensable to a Home Economics teacher that is preparing for retirement. The study concludes that entrepreneurial skills put to use are vital for sustainable life at retirement. The study recommended among others that government should provide an enabling environment that would encourage retirees to effectively engage in petty businesses after disengagement from active service.</p> 2022-06-30T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 FOOD AND NUTRITION EDUCATION: A PANACEA FOR SUSTAINABLE HEALTH AMONG RETIREES IN DELTA STATE 2022-11-15T14:55:11+01:00 Sr. Ogbanu Domitilla Nwabuko <p>This study assessed food and nutrition education as panacea for sustainable health among retirees in Delta State. The study examined the knowledge level of retirees about food and nutrition; the dietary behaviour of retirees; the influence of food and nutrition education on sustainable health among retirees; and gender difference in knowledge level of retirees about food and nutrition. The descriptive research design of the survey type was adopted in the study. The population consisted of all retirees in Delta State, Nigeria. The sample for this study consisted of 200 retirees who were selected using convenience and purposive sampling techniques. A validated instrument titled “Food, Nutrition and Sustainable health Questionnaire (FNSHQ)” was used to collect relevant data for this study. The data collected through the instruments were analysed using descriptive and inferential statistics. The results show a moderate knowledge of food and nutrition among retirees (56.44%) and that majority (39.5%) were moderately active to good dietary behaviour. In addition, components of food and nutrition education influenced sustainable health among retirees (R = .573, R2 = .328, f (2,197) = 5.932, p &lt;0.05) while female retirees have knowledge of food and nutrition than male retirees (t = 4.688, p &lt;0.05). This study concludes that knowledge of food and nutrition among retirees was moderate while they were moderately active to good dietary behaviour. Hence, the need for more aggressive efforts by Home Economics and Food and Nutrition educators to provide dietary information to civil servants who have less years in active service.</p> 2022-06-30T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 NIGERIAN RETIREES' RETIREMENT PLAN AND SOCIO-ECONOMIC WELL-BEING OF THE FAMILY. 2022-11-15T15:01:12+01:00 Oloso, Sururat Etuonu. <p>There must be a beginning and an end to every situation in life. Any successful start requires a strong finish, which must be based on efficient planning. Life after retirement management requires making plans for the future of the family. When one leaves active duty, one must adjust to a new way of life. According to this paper, a worker who disregards retirement preparation runs the danger of having to re-strategize once they retire, adopt, and apply new approaches to alleviate the issues that arise after retirement. As a result, a worker must make plans to leave as soon as possible after starting work. Although the government has made provisions for post-retirement years and retirement periods through various programs. As many potential retirees are unprepared, it has always been tensed and thought provoking. This could be due to lack of planning, funding, or non-payment or inconsistent payment of taxes, pension, and stipend. This paper asserts that a pleasurable and enjoyable post-retirement existence necessitates effective planning, training, and counselling, knowing that workers who fail to plan are at a disadvantage. They want to have an unnecessary threat to their old age in their post-retirement lives, such as poor health, dissatisfaction, low self-esteem, redundancy, and low socio-economic status are only a few examples. Recognizing that retirement is a period marked by changes in one's mental, social, economic, health, and nutritional State. As a result, workers must devise strategies for managing their post-retirement lives, to remain productive and healthy after active duty, despite tough and unfavorable conditions. This paper is of the opinion that government should pursue investment possibilities, training, and skill development, preparation for acquisition, awareness campaign through seminars, workshops, and public talks in preparation for retirement.</p> 2022-06-30T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 NUTRITION KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE AND ANTHROPOMETRIC STATUS OF MARKET WOMEN IN EHIME MBANO, IMO STATE. 2022-11-15T14:33:11+01:00 Asomugha, I.C Ejinkeonye, U. B Thompson, O <p>Extreme poverty impedes human development in all aspects especially with regards to nutrition and health. Women are particularly vulnerable due to low socio-economic status of majority of them. The cross-sectional study was carried out to assess the nutrition knowledge, attitude towards nutrition and anthropometric status of 400 women. Questionnaire was used to collect their basic information, nutrition knowledge and attitude to nutrition. Weight, height, waist and hip circumstances were measured and used to calculate their body mass indices and waist hip ratios. They were analyzed using WHO reference while statistical analysis was done using descriptive statistics for basic information, nutrition knowledge and attitude. Association between nutrition knowledge and anthropometric status was done using chi-test. Result showed that 37.3% of women were 30-41 years. Level of education showed that 44% had secondary education and 19.5% of them reported monthly income of #28000-32000. Nutrition knowledge scores indicated that 26.8% and 25.8% of the women had fair and good nutrition while 46.8% had poor knowledge. Attitude scores towards nutrition showed that more than half (55.5%) were at low risk while 4.5% were at high risk. Anthropometric status of the women showed that 44.5% were overweight while 18.3% were obese and 79% were at risk of cardiovascular diseases. There was positive association between nutrition knowledge scores and BMI but no association existed between nutrition knowledge and WHR. This shows that good nutrition knowledge along with the right attitude are crucial for right food choices in market places.</p> 2022-06-30T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 NUTRITIONAL KNOWLEDGE AND FOOD INTAKE OF RETIREES IN EPE LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, LAGOS STATE 2022-11-15T15:07:11+01:00 Seriki-Mosadolorun, Jummai S., Abiamuwe N.O Maduabum, F.O. Lucas, B. Ojo <p>This study focused on nutritional knowledge and food intake of retirees in Epe Local Government Area of Lagos State. Four research questions guided the study. Cross-sectional descriptive survey research design was adopted using 100 retirees aged 60 to 70 years. Structured questionnaire was used to elicit data from the retirees. Data was analyzed using percentages, mean, standard deviation and Person (r). Results from the study indicated that the retirees possessed very high knowledge of nutrition for healthy ageing (71.8%). only 15.08% of the subjects consume foods from the seven food groups daily and met the criteria for adequate diet. Dietary intake of 35.0% of the subjects had rating of fair quality since their diets were mostly foods from five out of the seven food groups on daily basis. Financial status, physical diseases, high food prices and lack of appetite influenced the retiree’s food intake. Majority (72.3%) of the retirees ate three times a day with about 27.7% eating less than three meals daily. Also, there is a weak positive relationship (r=.410) between retirees’ nutritional knowledge and food intake. The study established a less adequate intake of protein and fruits among the retirees despite their high knowledge of nutrition. There is need for the establishment of a functional policy on the care of older adults in Nigeria in order to enhance their nutritional and health status as well as their general well-being.</p> 2022-06-30T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 SMALL SCALE CLOTHING AND TEXTILE ENTREPRENEURS CREDIT UTILIZATION AT RETIREMENT FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF FAMILIES IN ENUGU STATE 2022-11-15T15:18:48+01:00 Emeghebo, M. U Igbo C. A <p>A descriptive survey research design will be adopted for the study. The population of 540 Clothing and Textiles practitioners. The Sample for this study is 123 retirees from register Small Scale Entrepreneurs. Multi-stage – cluster sampling techniques were adopted for 173 registers SSEs in Enugu state. The instrument for data collection was structured questionnaire titled “Enhancing Credit Utilization by Small Scale Clothing and Textile Entrepreneurs Questionnaire in Enugu State” (ECUSSCEQ). four-point scale the instrument was validated by three experts. one lecturer from the department of Home Economics in faculty of Vocational and Technical Education, one from a staff of (SME) and one lecturer from the Centre for Entrepreneurship and Development Research (CEDR) of the University of Nigeria, Nsukka. To obtain the reliability of the instrument, the questionnaire was trial-tested on 20 respondents in Anambra State Cronbach Alpha reliability coefficient 0.83 was realized which was reliable for the study. The data collected for this study was analyzed using mean of 2.50 to answer the research questions and t-test statistic for testing the hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. Findings; Families use of overdraft from Banks; use Hire purchase; Loans from thrift used for investment in human capital; Maintenance of business and Acquire tools and equipment to boot business therefore recommends among others that Families use of Overdraft from Banks; Families use Hire purchase; Families Collect Loans from thrift used for investment in human capital; Maintenance of business and families to Acquire tools and equipment to boot business.</p> 2022-06-30T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 STRATEGIES FOR IMPROVING CREATIVITY/INNOVATION IN FOOD AND NUTRITION THROUGH ENTREPRENEURSHIP EDUCATION FOR SUSTAINABILITY IN RETIREMENT 2022-11-14T14:42:26+01:00 Eradajire Blessing Nkechi <p><span class="fontstyle0">This paper examined the strategies for improving creativity/innovation in food and nutrition through<br>entrepreneurship education for sustainability in retirement. For retirees, their perspectives on workload,<br>salary and achievement prospects after retirement will require a fragmented adaptation to their new status<br>thereby giving productivity that will not be as much as during the working period. This focus shows that<br>improving creativity in food and nutrition through entrepreneurship education can serve as a tool for<br>sustainable job creation for retirees. Enhancing creativity in food and nutrition through entrepreneurship is<br>a key factor that is needed to grow every country's economy and individuals especially the retirees of Home<br>Economics in Nigeria, thereby helping individuals to improve their ability to be innovative and creative<br>entrepreneurs, also to be independent and self-reliant after service. This paper also highlights the concept of<br>creativity, entrepreneurship, entrepreneurship education, Food and Nutrition, Home Economics education,<br>roles of entrepreneurship in food and nutrition through innovative entrepreneurship are explored.<br>Furthermore, the need for entrepreneurship and how it can contribute to one's plan for the future and to help<br>sustain one's livelihood and the reward/benefits of being an entrepreneur is highlighted. Strategies for<br>improving the creativity in food and nutrition in present/current trend practices as well as recommendations<br>were made on entrepreneurship to show that it is relevant and through being creative in food and nutrition it<br>is capable of sustaining retirees after service/workforce because of the sellable skills that has been acquired<br>through home economics as a vocational subject. Epitomizing the paper opines that creativity in<br>entrepreneurship is the main plank or bedrock for sustainable retirement.</span> </p> 2022-06-30T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 ENTREPRENEURIAL SKILLS DEVELOPMENT FOR FINANCIAL SUSTAINABILITY IIN RETIREMENT 2022-11-14T15:02:07+01:00 Odibo, Mabel O. Odibo Udosen Udosen E Okoruwa, Jane I. <p><span class="fontstyle0">Retirement </span><span class="fontstyle0">i</span><span class="fontstyle0">s </span><span class="fontstyle0">a </span><span class="fontstyle0">period </span><span class="fontstyle0">that </span><span class="fontstyle0">everyone </span><span class="fontstyle0">must </span><span class="fontstyle0">get </span><span class="fontstyle0">into </span><span class="fontstyle0">after </span><span class="fontstyle0">a </span><span class="fontstyle0">particular </span><span class="fontstyle0">period </span><span class="fontstyle0">of </span><span class="fontstyle0">a </span><span class="fontstyle0">successful </span><span class="fontstyle0">career </span><span class="fontstyle0">in<br>paid </span><span class="fontstyle0">employment </span><span class="fontstyle0">of </span><span class="fontstyle0">organization </span><span class="fontstyle0">especially </span><span class="fontstyle0">in </span><span class="fontstyle0">i</span><span class="fontstyle0">government </span><span class="fontstyle0">owned </span><span class="fontstyle0">establishments </span><span class="fontstyle0">in </span><span class="fontstyle0">addition, there </span><span class="fontstyle0">is<br>life </span><span class="fontstyle0">after </span><span class="fontstyle0">retirement </span><span class="fontstyle0">that </span><span class="fontstyle0">must </span><span class="fontstyle0">be </span><span class="fontstyle0">sustained </span><span class="fontstyle0">to </span><span class="fontstyle0">avoid </span><span class="fontstyle0">different </span><span class="fontstyle0">maladjustment </span><span class="fontstyle0">issues </span><span class="fontstyle0">in</span><span class="fontstyle0">i</span><span class="fontstyle0">emotional,<br>social </span><span class="fontstyle0">and </span><span class="fontstyle0">psychological </span><span class="fontstyle0">well-being. </span><span class="fontstyle0">In </span><span class="fontstyle0">i</span><span class="fontstyle0">order </span><span class="fontstyle0">i</span><span class="fontstyle0">to </span><span class="fontstyle0">ensure </span><span class="fontstyle0">that </span><span class="fontstyle0">retirement </span><span class="fontstyle0">becomes </span><span class="fontstyle0">a period </span><span class="fontstyle0">of </span><span class="fontstyle0">wisdom,<br>relaxation </span><span class="fontstyle0">and </span><span class="fontstyle0">happiness, </span><span class="fontstyle0">entrepreneurship </span><span class="fontstyle0">skill </span><span class="fontstyle0">is </span><span class="fontstyle0">needed </span><span class="fontstyle0">for </span><span class="fontstyle0">a </span><span class="fontstyle0">sustainable </span><span class="fontstyle0">retirement </span><span class="fontstyle0">among retirees.<br>While </span><span class="fontstyle0">in </span><span class="fontstyle0">still </span><span class="fontstyle0">employment </span><span class="fontstyle0">sector </span><span class="fontstyle0">the </span><span class="fontstyle0">i</span><span class="fontstyle0">need </span><span class="fontstyle0">for </span><span class="fontstyle0">skill </span><span class="fontstyle0">acquisition </span><span class="fontstyle0">is </span><span class="fontstyle0">non-negotiable, </span><span class="fontstyle0">for </span><span class="fontstyle0">sustainability<br>in </span><span class="fontstyle0">retirement. This paper </span><span class="fontstyle0">therefore </span><span class="fontstyle0">Focus </span><span class="fontstyle0">on </span><span class="fontstyle0">concept </span><span class="fontstyle0">of </span><span class="fontstyle0">retirement, </span><span class="fontstyle0">retirement </span><span class="fontstyle0">anxiety </span><span class="fontstyle0">and<br>entrepreneurship, </span><span class="fontstyle0">reasons </span><span class="fontstyle0">for </span><span class="fontstyle0">retirement, </span><span class="fontstyle0">areas </span><span class="fontstyle0">of </span><span class="fontstyle0">entrepreneurship </span><span class="fontstyle0">development </span><span class="fontstyle0">of </span><span class="fontstyle0">entrepreneurship<br>skills </span><span class="fontstyle0">in </span><span class="fontstyle0">i</span><span class="fontstyle0">the </span><span class="fontstyle0">following </span><span class="fontstyle0">areas: </span><span class="fontstyle0">&nbsp;</span><span class="fontstyle0">skill </span><span class="fontstyle0">acquisition/development, </span><span class="fontstyle0">skill </span><span class="fontstyle0">deployment, </span><span class="fontstyle0">Skill </span><span class="fontstyle0">management,<br>financial </span><span class="fontstyle0">and </span><span class="fontstyle0">personnel </span><span class="fontstyle0">management, </span><span class="fontstyle0">organizational </span><span class="fontstyle0">management </span><span class="fontstyle0">and </span><span class="fontstyle0">innovation. </span><span class="fontstyle0">Suggestions </span><span class="fontstyle0">were<br>made </span><span class="fontstyle0">on </span><span class="fontstyle0">how </span><span class="fontstyle0">these </span><span class="fontstyle0">areas </span><span class="fontstyle0">can </span><span class="fontstyle0">be </span><span class="fontstyle0">developed </span><span class="fontstyle0">and </span><span class="fontstyle0">managed </span><span class="fontstyle0">for </span><span class="fontstyle0">a </span><span class="fontstyle0">sustainable </span><span class="fontstyle0">retirement </span><span class="fontstyle0">life.</span> </p> 2022-06-30T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 NUTRITIONAL ASSESSMENT AND NUTRITION EDUCATION NEEDS OF RETIREES IN ABIA STATE, NIGERIA 2022-11-14T15:43:00+01:00 Azubuike, O.C Ihensekhien, I. Busari, O. & Mbah,P.E <p><span class="fontstyle0">Retirement is a transition from paid occupation to other life ventures and is associated with aging, which is<br>a degenerative process and thus points at the need for a continuous nutritional assessment of this age group<br>in other to identify their nutrition educational needs. The study was a cross sectional design. A systematic<br>random sampling technique was used to select 100 retirees for the study. Questionnaire and interview was<br>the instruments for data collection. Height and weight measurement were also taken and used to obtain their<br>BMI. A 24 hours dietary recall was used to get their dietary diversity score. Blood pressure was measured<br>with a mercury sphygmomanometer at least twice in each participant. Random Blood Glucose was checked<br>with venous blood. Descriptive statistics (frequency and percent) was employed using SPSS version 21 while<br>significance was accepted at p&lt;0.05. Result showed that 65% of the participants were female while 35%<br>were males. The prevalence of overweight and obesity observed in this study was 30% and 46% respectively,<br>39% were hypertensive, 8% had diabetes. Many (85%) of the retirees were at high risk of metabolic<br>conditions while 6% and 9% of the retirees were at moderate and low risk respectively. Less than half (47%)<br>of the retirees had medium dietary diversity, 39% had low dietary diversity while 14% had high dietary<br>diversity. Many 74%, 65% and 58% of them stated their need for education on dietary management of<br>diabetes, hypertension and basic nutrition (foods) for the aged. The nutritional status and nutrition education<br>need of the retirees needs to be checked most often which is aimed at reducing the risk factors of under<br>and/or over nutrition for the retirees in Abia state as well manage those with health conditions such as<br>diabetes, hypertension and co-morbidities.<br></span></p> 2022-06-30T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 FINANCIAL LITERACY OF RURAL WOMEN ENTREPRENEURS IN OBIOMA, UDI LGA ENUGU STATE 2022-11-14T15:56:16+01:00 Owoh, Ngozi. P. Ozougwu, S.U <p><span class="fontstyle0">The study evaluated the financial literacy of the rural women entrepreneurs in Obioma Udi L.G.A. Enugu<br>state. It evaluated the level of the financial knowledge of the rural women entrepreneurs, the consequences<br>of poor financial literacy and ways of improving the financial literacy of rural women entrepreneurs in the<br>area of study. Structured questionnaire called financial literacy questionnaire (FLQ) were utilized for data<br>collection. Population for the study was 206 women. Data were analyzed using mean. Major findings<br>includes: the identification of sixteen (16) levels of financial knowledge which are, knowledge about savings,<br>investment, payment of bills, and so on. Eleven (11) consequences of poor financial knowledge by the rural<br>women entrepreneurs were identified as, falling victim of money fraudsters, engaging in high interest rate<br>activities, going into bankruptcy due bad financial management, high indebtedness, poor financial decisions<br>among others. Ways of improving the financial literacy of the rural women entrepreneurs in Obioma<br>includes organizing seminars, workshops, conferences and subscribing to financial newspaper and financial<br>news, listening to financial podcasts, reading financial book, making good budget and so on. Based on the<br>findings of the study, it was recommended that rural women entrepreneurs in Obioma would be organizing<br>seminars, workshops and conferences to be informed about new ways of carrying out activities in their<br>various enterprises in order to make gains to sustain their business.</span></p> 2022-06-30T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 PATTERN DRAFTING PRACTICES AND CHALLENGES ENCOUNTERED BY GARMENT MAKERS IN IGBO-ETITI LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF ENUGU STATE 2022-11-14T16:07:44+01:00 Ozougwu, S. U. Eloke, L. A <p><span class="fontstyle0">The survey study assessed pattern drafting practices and challenges encountered by garment makers in IgboEtiti Local Government Area of Enugu state. Four research questions and two null hypotheses guided the<br>study. The population consisted all the garment makers in Igbo-Etiti Local Government area of Enugu state.<br>A sample of 112 garment makers from five towns out of a population of 13 Towns of the LGA responded to<br>questionnaire items. Data were analyzed with descriptive statistics (percentages, means and standard<br>deviation) using Statistical Product for Service Solution (SPSS) version 22.0. Two null hypotheses were<br>tested with Chi Square (X</span><span class="fontstyle0">2</span><span class="fontstyle0">). Results show that majority (70.6%) of the respondents were females, between<br>ages 18-35 years (54.5%), 70.5% were Igbos. Less than half (46.4%) were single. Secondary education<br>(43%) was the highest level. Major pattern drafting technique adopted was direct on the layout-fabric locally<br>called free hand cutting (63.4%). Majority (81.31%) of them have good skills for taking body measurements,<br>blending seam line (50.0%), pattern drawing (63.4%) but poor in pattern alteration, pattern layout (58.9%),<br>pattern set creation (70.5%) and pattern grading (63.4%). Chy Square results showed significant differences<br>(p&lt;0.05) in respondents’ responses on some adopted pattern drafting skills and no significant differences<br>(P&gt;0.05) in others at 0.05 significant levels. Eight challenges posing threats to effective pattern drafting<br>practices were identified. Proper sensitization and training of indigenous garment makers on pattern drafting<br>and development, use and commercialization of locally drafted patterns for mass production of quality<br>garments for both local consumption and to gain foreign reserve is timely</span></p> 2022-06-30T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 HOMEMAKING SKILLS AND FAMILY RELATIONSHIP: A PRE-REQUISITE FOR NATIONAL STABILITY IN ORASHI REGION, RIVERS STATE. 2022-11-14T16:16:28+01:00 Salomi, O. Onoriode. Nathaniel, Maria. O.Q. Esther <p><span class="fontstyle0">The study focused on homemaking skills and family relationship for national stability in Orashi Region,<br>Rivers State. Two purposes, two research questions guided the study and two hypotheses were formulated<br>and tested at 0.05 level of significance. This study adopted correlational research design. The population of<br>the study consisted of all the 153,320 married male and female adults in the Region. Stratified random<br>sampling technique was used to sample three strata from the four Local Government Areas. Furthermore,<br>simple random sampling technique was used to sample 180 respondents for the study. An instrument titled<br>“Homemaking Skills and Family Relationship Questionnaire (HMSFQ)” structured on a four-point rating<br>scale of Very High Extent, High Extent, Low Extent and Very Low Extent was used for data collection and<br>was validated by three experts. The reliability of the instrument was determined using test-retest method.<br>The scores generated from the first and second administrations were correlated using Pearson Product<br>Moment Correlation Method. The reliability coefficient was 0.75 indicating that the instrument was quite<br>reliable enough for the study. The findings of the study revealed that the resulting R</span><span class="fontstyle0">2 </span><span class="fontstyle0">means that only 29%<br>of family relationship is associated with communication skill. This means that communication skill is a<br>predictor of family relationship for national stability. The study recommended that families should be<br>encouraged to possess good communication skills as this would enhance a better family relationship for<br>national stability. Through conferences, workshops and seminars, families should be taught and exposed to<br>various entrepreneurship skills as these skills would enhance family relationship.</span></p> 2022-06-30T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 EFFECT OF PROCESSING METHODS ON THE NUTRIENT COMPOSITION OF COCOYAM VARIETIES (XANTHOSOMA SAGITTIFOLIUM, COLOCASIA ESCULENTA AND COLOCOSIA ANTIGUORUM) AND SENSORY PROPERTIES OF THEIR SOUPS 2022-11-14T17:30:10+01:00 Allen, J. E. Beleya, E. A. Eze, N. M <p><span class="fontstyle0">The purpose of the study was to explore the effect of different processing procedures on the nutrient content<br>of three different cocoyam varieties </span><span class="fontstyle2">(Xanthosoma sagittifolium, Colocasia esculenta and Colocosia<br>antiguorum) </span><span class="fontstyle0">as well as the sensory qualities of their respective soups. The different varieties of Cocoyam<br>were processed into flour, made into paste and formed into dough before analyzed for proximate and mineral<br>content according to conventional procedures. Soups were also prepared using the flour, paste and dough<br>from the different cocoyam varieties. The soups were evaluated for their organoleptic qualities. The data<br>generated were subjected to analysis of variance and Turkey’s test was used to differentiate between the<br>means. The result showed that moisture ranged from 6.17 to 8.00 percent, ash was between 0.59 and 5.73<br>percent, protein content was between 0.25 and 4.25 percent, fat was between 0.26 and 1.39 percent, crude<br>fibre was between 2.65 and 14.70 percent and carbohydrate ranged between 15.83 and 74.02 percent. There<br>was a statistically significant difference (p &lt; 0.05) in the proximate composition of the samples based on<br>variety and processing techniques. The potassium content ranged from 5467 to 7961 mg/100g, calcium was<br>between 15.00 and 64.00 mg/100g while iron was between 10.50 and 47.90 mg/100g. The sensory qualities<br>of the soups revealed that colour ranged from 4.00 to 7.50, taste ranged from 4.60 to 7.75, thickness was<br>between 3.15 and 6.85, flavour ranged from 4.35 to 7.00 overall acceptability ranged from 4.60 to 7.05. The<br>soups thickened with </span><span class="fontstyle2">Colocasia antiguorum </span><span class="fontstyle0">dough had the highest rating for its thickness while soup<br>thickened with </span><span class="fontstyle2">Colocasia esculenta </span><span class="fontstyle0">dough had the highest mean rating colour, taste, flavour and overall<br>acceptability and was the sample that was most preferred. There was no discernible difference in the<br>acceptability of the soups prepared using dough made from the three varieties of cocoyam. Based on the<br>findings of the study, dough from </span><span class="fontstyle2">Colocasia esculenta </span><span class="fontstyle0">can be used to thicken soups.</span></p> 2022-06-30T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 FAMILY SUPPORT OF GERIATRICS IN COVID-19 ERA: A PANACEA FOR CREATING HAPPINESS 2022-11-14T17:39:37+01:00 Ajieh, G.I1 Erhabor, N.I Ihensekhien, I. <p><span class="fontstyle0">As the population of elderly people continues to climb, the number of dependent persons in the majority of<br>developing countries appears destined to rise. To pinpoint the proper preventative and intervention services,<br>especially in Nigeria during COVID-19, health systems require improved data to identify the health hazards<br>older people experience. The percentage of people who have at least three of the six health risk factors<br>(physical inactivity, current tobacco use, heavy alcohol consumption, a high-risk waist-hip ratio,<br>hypertension, or obesity) increases with age, but the patterns and percentages differ by country, according<br>to data from the Study on Global Ageing and Adult Health (2010). Households in emerging nations will<br>likely face additional difficulties in caring for elderly relatives as a result of changing family structures, such<br>as fewer families and a decreased incidence of multigenerational cohabitation. Therefore, this article<br>examines how the country's aging population's health and wellbeing are affected by the changing family<br>structure.</span></p> 2022-06-30T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 RESPONSIBLE EATING AND REJUVENATION FOR HEALTHY RETIREMENT 2022-11-14T17:46:31+01:00 Igbinaduwa, O.E Uko -Aviomoh, E.E <p><span class="fontstyle0">The paper looked at the concept of responsible eating, its relationship with healthy living and how it can be<br>successfully practiced at the different stages of growth unto retirement. It also addressed the consequences<br>of irresponsible eating and its cumulative effect over time especially during aging and retirement.<br>Irresponsible eating was found to result in buildup of sugars, food additives, free radicals and toxic<br>substances in the body and its corresponding health implications over time. The paper indicated the<br>possibility of cell renewal or generation from food nutrients through consistent responsible eating which can<br>reverse the ill – health indicators through rejuvenation of body cells. The steps to rejuvenation, foods needed<br>for cell regeneration as well as other conditions necessary for sustainable rejuvenation were discussed.<br>Rejuvenation is possible through consistent responsible eating before, during and after retirement. The paper<br>recommended among others that cell renewal and cell generating diets should be adopted through daily<br>responsible eating habits to prevent and manage the aging process and the degenerative diseases for healthy<br>retirement.</span></p> 2022-06-30T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 EFFECT OF MICRONUTRIENT (VITAMIN A) DEFICIENCY ON PRESCHOOL CHILDREN IN EDO STATE 2022-11-14T17:52:32+01:00 Iguodala, Osaseri O. Adeniji Bolanle A. Ihensekhien, I Nwabah N.I <p><span class="fontstyle0">The study assessed the effect of micronutrient (vitamin A) deficiency on preschool children in Edo South<br></span><span class="fontstyle2">S</span><span class="fontstyle0">enatorial District of Edo State (Oredo Local Government Area).<br>Vitamin A is an essential fat-soluble vitamin required for normal visual function, epithelia cellular integrity,<br>immune function, growth, development and reproduction. Intake of vitamin A in preschool children’s diet<br>has a plethora of health benefits, on the other hand, its deficiency causes several clinical symptoms such as<br>xeropthalmia, night blindness, kerotomialiacia, diarrhea, measles, respiratory diseases and vision<br>complications. These health challenges are caused by inadequate intake of vitamin A foods, ill-health of<br>mother and lack of exclusive breast feeding, poor feeding practices amongst others. These negative effects<br>can reduce the working capacity of the bread winner, affect the academic performance of the preschool child<br>as well as affect the economic development of the society. Therefore, vitamin A could be encouraged by<br>breastfeeding, enriched weaning foods with vitamin A and advocating that mothers embrace immunization<br>from prenatal to five years of the child. Education on exclusive breastfeeding should be encouraged,<br>complementary food should be fortified with vitamin A, enforce routine immunization of vitamin A<br>supplements should be given at 3-6 months to aged 1-6 years.</span></p> 2022-06-30T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 HOME GARDEN AS A SOURCE OF CONTRIBUTION FOR FAMILY SUSTAINABILITY IN RETIREMENT 2022-11-15T15:29:17+01:00 Akinbobola, Olufunmilayo Aderonke Awosika, Temitope Rosemary <p><span class="fontstyle0">The paper reviewed the home-garden as a source of contribution for family sustainability in retirement.<br>Home garden is the cultivation of a small portion of land either around the house or within walking distance<br>from the family home which serve as a supplementary source of family income. The role of home-garden<br>was reviewed to have played a crucial role during retirement to improve retiree’s nutritional status, income<br>and reduction of family expenditure. The paper also reviewed concept of retirement and sustainability. One<br>of the recommendations were that there should be an informal continuous training or awareness by extension<br>officers to educate retirees on how they could use home-garden as a tool for sustainability in retirement.</span></p> 2022-06-30T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 SUSTAINABLE INCOME GENERATION THROUGH ENTREPRENEURSHIP IN CLOTHING AND TEXTILE AFTER RETIREMENT 2022-11-15T15:37:09+01:00 Abamba, Chibuzor Deborah Eradajire, Blessing Nkechi. Sr Ogbanu, Domitilla Nwabuko <p><span class="fontstyle0">The study aimed at generating income, through entrepreneurship in clothing and textile. The area studied<br>was Oshimili south local Government Area of Delta State. Three research questions guided the study. The<br>total population of retirees in Delta state was estimated 2,500 retirees as at the year 2020 by pension’s<br>commission Asaba. The population of the study comprises of all the retiree in the area who are into small<br>scale businesses. One hundred (100) respondents were randomly selected that formed the sample for the<br>study. Questionnaire was the instrument used for data collection and were analyzed with percentage and a<br>mean of 2.50 was taken as the cut –off point for the item. Findings revealed that various entrepreneurship<br>area such as fashion designing merchandizing, weaving clothes, laundry services, curtains and interior were<br>means of generating income. Conclusions and recommendations were made, that retirees should go into<br>more areas of clothing and textile such as make-up, gele tying, barbering saloon to also generate more<br>income.</span></p> 2022-06-30T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 HARNESSING CLOTHING TEXTILE EDUCATION SKILLS FOR SUSTAINABLE RETIREMENT 2022-11-15T15:44:31+01:00 Irivike Francisa O Akpanoko Queen E. Nwabah N.I <p><span class="fontstyle0">Retirement is a must for every government working individual which comes with emotional, psychological<br>and financial challenges. To help eradicate or reduce this problem, the writer looked at harnessing clothing<br>and textile education skills for sustainable retirement. Some of the skills highlighted are: artistic and creative<br>skill, knowledge of fabric, Adaptability, strong communication, knowledge of current fashion understanding<br>commercial and market strategies, and having your own style. With a good knowledge of these skill the<br>clothing and textile educationist or designer can go into any of these business venture for sustainable<br>retirement: craft, hat making, house hold furnishing knitting, embroidery, tie – dye, tailoring and textile<br>design. To this end it is recommended that, the clothing and textile designer should improve on artistic and<br>creativity, develop a strong communication still, fore case and pay attention to current on any of the business<br>venture provided by clothing and textiles.</span></p> 2022-06-30T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 PRODUCTION AND ASSESSMENT OF QUALITY ATTRIBUTES OF ZOBO DRINK ENRICHED WITH DATE AND MANGO FOR FAMILY SUSTAINABILITY IN RETIREMENT 2022-11-15T15:53:18+01:00 Gbadebo, Christiana T. Aladewolu, Victoria T. Adeniji, Oluwakemi.T. Babayeju, Adeshola A Okunloye, Rofiyat O Kareem, Muritala B. Salawu Saheed A. <p>The study assessed the quality attribute of Zobo drink enriched with Date and Mango. Four (4) research questions were raised and one (1) hypothesis formulated and tested @ 0.05 level of significance. Research and Development Design (R&amp; D) was adopted. Judges were presented with four possible formulations of Zobo drink enrich with Date and Mango-ZO=100% Zobo Only, ZD=50% Zobo+ 50% Date, ZM=50% Zobo+ 50% Mango, ZDM=40% Zobo, + 30% Date + 30% Mango. Sensory Evaluation was judged using 7 point hedonic scale. Nutrient contents of the products were calculated to determine the proximate analysis. The result shows that the sample ZD=Zobo and Date was the most preferred in colour, taste and overall acceptability 6.35(±.62).. Findings of nutritional value revealed that Sample ZO=Zobo only has the highest protein (2.14%) and moisture content (92.55%) ZDM=Zobo, Date and Mango has the highest fibre, carbohydrate and ash content (1.30%). Findings of hypothesis revealed a significant difference in level of acceptability of Zobo drink enriched with Date and Mango in varying proportion (P&lt;0.05). The study concludes that Zobo drink enriched with Date and Mango is suitable for consumption and therefore recommends that the drink should be encouraged as it increases opportunities for both young and old people to drink healthy vitality drink instead of the carbonated drinks. Retiree could start production of Zobo drink enriched with Date and Mango on a large scale for sale to increase their financial stability.</p> 2022-06-30T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 STRATEGIES FOR IMPROVING MAINTENANCE OF LABORATORIES EQUIPMENT FOR EFFECTIVE SERVICE DELIVERY IN UNIVERSITIES IN ABIA STATE 2022-11-15T15:40:48+01:00 Adaku Umeh-Idika Okpala Jennifer <p>This study focused on strategies for improving maintenance of laboratories equipment in universities in Abia State for effective service delivery. The following objectives guided the study; identify the effective preventive maintenance strategies for improving maintenance of laboratories equipment; identify the effective corrective maintenance strategies for improving the maintenance of laboratories equipment among others. Four research questions guided the study; one null hypothesis tested at 0.05 level of significance using T-test was also adopted. The study adopted a descriptive survey design. The population was made up of all technical staff of the institutions which is 245. The sample size was the 245 technical staff which was selected for the study. Instrument for data collection was the questionnaire. Data were analyzed using mean, standard deviation and t-test statistics. The findings revealed the following seven (7) preventive maintenance and seven (7) effective corrective maintenance strategies among others Recommendations were proffered based on the findings: Competent laboratory attendants should be employed in order to implement maintenance culture in the institutions. All laboratory attendants should be sent for equipment maintenance training through workshops, seminars and conferences periodically.</p> 2022-06-30T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 INCULCATING BASIC CATERING TECHNIQUES FOR SUSTAINABLE RETIREMENT AMONG SECONDARY SCHOOL TEACHERS IN OWERRI MUNICIPAL COUNCIL OF IMO STATE 2022-11-15T15:34:45+01:00 Uneze-Amby Chika Edith Ndubuka Chibuzor I. <p>This paper examined the need to inculcate basic Catering Techniques for Sustainable Retirement among Secondary School Teachers in Owerri Municipal Council of Imo State. Generally, it has been observed that secondary school teachers retire to become impoverished the most due to lack of prior acquisition of basic skill to move on with life after retirement. However, considering the devastating effect of Covid-19 pandemic on the living standard of the people across the world, retirees especially those with little or no assistance from family members and government usually fall prey to sickness arising from blood pressure or other health challenges due to nothing to fall back on. Catering techniques needed for the retirees after their retirements were listed in the paper. The intention of this study is to prepare them with catering services techniques so as to equip them meaningfully with the basic knowledge and skill to sustain their living after retirement from active working age. Different catering services were highlighted for the benefit of the Retirees. The paper concludes that, increasing rate of unemployment in Nigeria, and the lingering nature of irregular payment of salaries and retirement benefits, an effective training in the major areas of Home Science (basic catering techniques) will ensure functional and productive life for individuals towards national development. The paper therefore, recommends that the federal Government through her ministry of education should sensitize the public through mass media, seminars, and workshops on the benefit of acquiring basic catering techniques.</p> 2022-11-15T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022