Nigeria Journal of Home Economics (ISSN: 2782-8131) <p>The official <strong>Nigerian Journal of Home Economics (Nig. JHEC) (ISSN: 2782-8131)</strong> is a publication of Home Economics Professional Association of Nigeria (HEPAN) managed by the national body. Home Economics Council of Nigeria (HECON). This professional journal of Home Economics brings together emergent issues and current trends on all aspects of Home Economics and more importantly, how Home Economics teachers and Practitioners might improve and renew the everyday work lives of Home Economics, individuals and households. It features quantitative and qualitative, disciplinary and trans-disciplinary, empirical and theoretical work and includes special editions on key development. It aims to push the boundaries of theory and research to seek out new paradigms, models and ways of framing Home Economics.</p> en-US Thu, 11 May 2023 15:52:32 +0100 OJS 60 HOME ECONOMICS: PAST, PRESENT AND FUTURE IN POST COVID PANDEMIC <p>The theme for this year’s conference: Home Economics: Past, Present and Future in Post-Covid Pandemic is therefore considered very apt and significant in addressing the multidisciplinary concerns that will bring about innovative ideas, knowledge and skills geared towards improving the quality of life of individuals, families, communities and society at large.<br>The 11th March 2020 is a date that is significant as the earth experienced a global remarkable change to a new normal which affected the entire human race, professional practices and activities of men and women in unimaginable ways across the nations of the world. The World Health Organization [WHO] (2020a) officially declared the viral infection emanating from a novel corona virus on the 11th of march, 2020 which was previously named COVID-19, a global pandemic (Worldometer, 2021). The COVID-19 pandemic triggered a global economic recession which has resulted in a dramatic loss of livelihoods and income on a global scale (World Bank, 2020a).<br>The spread of COVID-19 already had a high human cost, and with public health systems struggling to cope, these costs will continue to grow. This has led to significant trade disruptions, drops in commodity prices, and the tightening of financial conditions in many countries. These effects have already led to large increases in unemployment and underemployment rates and will continue to threaten the survival of many firms worldwide (Loayza and Pennings, 2020). Furthermore, the International Labour Organization (ILO) stated that more than the equivalent of 400 million full-time jobs was lost in the second quarter of 2020 with a number of countries enforcing lockdown measures (ILO, 2020a). In Nigeria, a similar or higher scenario of its effects was recorded.<br>This is also having complex consequences for professionals in the field of Home Economics. In order to address the main focus of this topic, emphasis will be laid in the following areas.<br>• Brief Historical perspective of Home Economics practice<br>• Home Economics and its components<br>• Challenges of Learning Situations in the past and Present.<br>• The future of Home Economics in post covid-19 Era.<br>• Innovations in Home Economics classrooms (Digital Learning Platforms).<br>• Problems of Online learning<br>• Optimal Productivity &amp; Sustainability in Teaching &amp; Learning Home Economics Education</p> Prof. Ngozi Mary Eze Copyright (c) 2023 Thu, 11 May 2023 00:00:00 +0100 HOME ECONOMICS AND FAMILY LIVING IN NIGERIA IN POST COVID ERA <p>COVID 19 marked a significant event and turning point in World history. The pandemic left indelible marks<br>on the economy, individuals, families and communities. This paper accessed the aftermath of the pandemic<br>– post COVID era and its implications on Home Economics and Family living. It presents an overview of<br>the pandemic, its influence on Home Economics and Family Living and the way forward for the profession<br>and families in the post COVID era in such areas as Information Communication Technology, health, family<br>economics, gender issues, family values and relationships amongst others. The paper concludes that the post<br>COVID era demands resilience, inclusiveness and sustainability and suggests amongst others that Home<br>Economists and families should adjust to the demands of the new era through researches, curriculum review<br>and acquisition of relevant digital skills to match with the evolving nature of living.</p> Usoroh, Comfort Ph.D Copyright (c) 2023 Mon, 01 May 2023 00:00:00 +0100 TACKLING POST COVID-19 PANDEMIC CHALLENGES THROUGH HOME ECONOMICS EDUCATION FOR FAMILY SUSTAINABILITY <p><span class="fontstyle0">Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is an infectious<br>disease caused by a newly discovered coronavirus.<br>The origin of the coronavirus is said to have been<br>traced to the Wuhan seafood market in Wuhan,<br>China in late 2019 (Centre for Disease Control and<br>Prevention, 2020). The outbreak </span><span class="fontstyle2">was </span><span class="fontstyle0">declared a<br>Public Health Emergency of International Concern<br>on 30 January 2020 and on 11th of February 2020,<br>the World Health Organization (WHO) announced<br>COVID-19 as the name of this new disease.<br>On March 11 2020, the World Health<br>Organization (WHO) (2020) officially declared a<br>global pandemic. Since then, the Covid-19<br>pandemic has had a dramatic effect, not least of<br>which is the clear demonstration of the fragility of<br>human life, with more than 170 million infections<br>and 3.5 million deaths in just over a year<br>(Worldometer, 2021) and with no end in sight. The<br>advent of this global pandemic is not without<br>precedent, with many pandemics changing the<br>course of human history over centuries, including<br>leprosy; the Black Death, plagues, cholera, measles,<br>the Russian, Spanish and Asian flus, HIV/AIDS and,<br>in the 21st century, SARS (, 2020). One<br>of the key strategies for reducing the spread of the<br>virus has been to maintain a safe distance from others to avoid transmission, and to that end, since the pandemic was declared, most people around the world have been directed to isolate at home for a<br>period, alongside employing personal protective<br>behaviours such as wearing masks, washing hands<br>frequently, and avoiding crowds for the individual<br>and family safety.</span> </p> Igba Elizabeth Chimezie Igba Copyright (c) 2023 Thu, 11 May 2023 00:00:00 +0100 STRATEGIES FOR PREVENTING FOOD POISONING IN CATERING ESTABLISHMENTS IN OWERRI MUNICIPAL, IMO STATE, NIGERIA <p>This study determined the strategies for preventing food poisoning in catering establishments in Owerri<br>Municipal, Imo State, Nigeria. Descriptive survey design was used to carry out the research. The population<br>for the study was staff of the fast foods located in Owerri Municipal. Ten fast food centres were randomly<br>selected and 130 respondents served as the sample size. Questionnaire was used for data collection and the<br>analysis of standard deviation. The results showed that there is prevalence of food poisoning in most catering<br>centres in Owerri Municipal (2.7). The results also showed that the various causes of food poisoning in<br>catering establishments included poor hygiene practices, poor sanitary practices and food handling during<br>food preparation, storage and processing (X3.5). On the appropriate measures to prevent food poisoning<br>the results showed that proper hand washing, washing of cooking utensils and personal hygiene were<br>amongst the important measures to prevent food poisoning. The study showed that utilizing these strategies<br>will go a long way to prevent food poisoning thus ensures food safety. Therefore, National Agency for Food<br>Drug Administration and Control (NAFDAC) should conduct seminars and workshops to educate the public<br>and the food handlers on food hygiene practices. The food handler employers should ensure strict adherence<br>to personal and food hygiene practices in their establishments.</p> S.N. Lemchi, Mbah, C.A., Okeke, E.N, Ozor, P.E, Adindu, C.M. Copyright (c) 2023 Thu, 11 May 2023 00:00:00 +0100 THE ROLE OF CONSUMER SCIENCE IN CURBING GENDER ISSUES AND CHALLENGES IN POST COVID-19 ERA IN NIGERIA <p>This paper examined the role of consumer science in curbing gender issues and challenges in post COVID19 era in Nigeria. The paper noted that women are burdened with devising skills to cope with high prices of<br>goods in the face of limited funds while men remain under intense economic pressure to provide for the<br>needs of their families. The paper, therefore, opined that consumer science promotes skills, research and<br>knowledge that assists people to make informed decisions about their well-being, relationships; to wisely<br>deploy resources to achieve optimal quality of life and also plays a significant role in curbing gender issues<br>and challenges created by COVID-19. The paper recommends the teaching of all aspects of consumer<br>science at all levels of education in Nigeria; gender mainstreaming in the pedagogical training of teachers;<br>and a Government gender post-COVID-19 national strategy that includes special grants to retool women<br>and counselling for the victims of GBV</p> Shu’ara, Jamila, Mbah, Patricia, Ihensekhien, Isoken Copyright (c) 2023 Thu, 11 May 2023 00:00:00 +0100 PRODUCTION AND SENSORY EVALUATION OF HOMEMADE DATE SYRUP AS ALTERNATIVE SWEETENER IN POST COVID19: A PRELIMINARY STUDY <p>Date fruits (phoenix dactylifera) belongs to the palm tree family Arecaceae. The date fruits and seeds are<br>rich in vitamins, minerals, antioxidants and fiber and contain both essential and non-essential amino acids.<br>Date is naturally sweet and can be processed into syrup and used as healthy alternative to table sugar.<br>Eating healthy for sustaining a healthy life in post COVID19 is the wish of every human being but with the<br>changing lifestyle and palates for sweeten food, healthy living may be compromised. COVID-19 pandemic<br>had enormous impact on the eating habit of the general population with visible effects in post COVID19<br>leading to major behavioral changes in eating habits especially high calorie diets which may promotes extra<br>weight gain and exacerbates their risks of developing health complications, severe disease cases, and<br>mortality. This paper examined the production and sensory evaluation of homemade date syrup as<br>alternative sweetener in post COVID19. Specifically, the study produced syrup from date fruits, conducted<br>sensory evaluation and acceptability of tea using the syrup as sweetener and studied the keeping quality of<br>the homemade syrup at room temperature. Findings revealed that, the syrup was rated high in all the sensory<br>attributed measured and had no significance difference at P &lt; 0.05 with the control. People of all ages<br>should be encourage to include date syrup in their diet especially in beverages and breakfast cereals as this<br>will help increase essential nutrients intake that are present in date fruits and also reduce their risks of<br>developing health complications such as dental carries, obesity, type 2 diabetes, insulin resistance and fatty<br>liver disease.</p> Ogbonyomi, Omolara Bosede, Arubayi, Diana. O, Azonoche, Juliana. E Copyright (c) 2023 Thu, 11 May 2023 00:00:00 +0100 PROXIMATE, MINERAL AND FUNCTIONAL PROPERTIES OF MORINGA SEEDS AND PEARL MILLET FLOUR BLENDS <p><span class="fontstyle0">Moringa seeds and millet grains were processed into flour using different processing methods. The different<br>flour were blended to produce composite flour at different ratios 90:10, 80:20, 70:30 and 100:0 wheat flour<br>(control). Proximate, mineral composition and functional properties of the composite flour blends were<br>determined. Results were analyzed statistically by the analysis of variance. Result for proximate composition<br>of the flour samples shows significant increase (P &lt; 0.05) in the ash content (0.83% – 1.83%), Fat (1.16%<br>– 12.66%), protein, (2.01% - 5.60%) and fiber, (0.77% - 1.83%). Mineral composition of the flour samples<br>revealed that the control had highest sodium, potassium and iron content, (38.40% - 46.40%, 165.85% -<br>181.29%, and 5.31% - 6.53%) respectively while the composite flour had highest magnesium, calcium and<br>zinc, 47.61% - 56.44%, 82.77% - 92.62% and 2.69% - 3.59% respectively. Water absorption, foam stability,<br>gelation capacity and swelling index were found maximum in the composite flour blends while oil absorption<br>and foam capacity were maximum in wheat flour. There is need to utilized moringa seeds and pearl millet in<br>diverse form to enhance household menus and improve the nutritional quality of pearl millet flour.</span> </p> Ezinne Prisca Obinwa Ezinne , Patricia Etuna Mbah Etuna , Umeh-Idika Adaku Sandra Umeh-Idika Copyright (c) 2023 Thu, 11 May 2023 00:00:00 +0100 STRATEGIES ADOPTED BY LECTURERS IN POST COVID-19 PANDEMIC FOR EFFECTIVE TEACHING OF ENTREPRENEURSHIP IN FOOD AND NUTRITION IN TERTIARY INSTITUTIONS IN NIGER STATE <p><span class="fontstyle0">The study investigated the challenges and strategies adopted by lecturers in post COVID 19 pandemic for<br>effective teaching of entrepreneurship in food and Nutrition in tertiary institutions, Niger state. Two<br>objectives and two research questions guided the study. The design adopted for the study was descriptive<br>survey. The population for the study comprises twenty (20) lecturers in the two tertiary institutions in Niger<br>State offering Home Economics as a programme. Due to the-manageable size of the population there was<br>no sampling. The instrument for data collection was a well- structured questionnaire. The data collected<br>were analyzed using mean score and standard deviation. From the data collected and analyzed' the study<br>findings include, attitudinal issues with students concerning teaching and learning of entrepreneurship in<br>food and Nutrition, the study therefore recommends that modern technologies should be deployed to<br>stimulate students' interests among others in effective teaching of entrepreneurship in Food and Nutrition.</span> </p> Achebe, Angela Ebele Achebe, Saleh, Lucy Usman Saleh Copyright (c) 2023 Thu, 11 May 2023 00:00:00 +0100 APPLICATION OF ERGONOMICS PRINCIPLES IN SEWING CLOTHES AMONGST FASHION DESIGNERS IN POST COVID 19 PANDEMIC IN OGBA/EGBEMA/NDONI LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF RIVERS STATE. <p>The study focused on application of ergonomics principles in sewing cloth amongst fashion designers in Post<br>COVID Pandemic in Rivers State. Specifically the study determined hunching over a sewing machine, use<br>anti-fatigue mat, and keep working surfaces/table at elbow height. Research design was a descriptive survey.<br>Three research questions guided the study. Area of the study was Ogba/Egbema/Ndoni Local Government<br>Area of Rivers State. Population was made up of 96 Fashion Designers in ONELGA. Multi-stage sampling<br>technique methods were used to select 45 Fashion Designers. Questionnaire was used for data collection.<br>Data were analyzed using Mean and Standard Deviation. Results of the study was five (5) questions on avoid<br>hunching over a sewing machine, these includes the use of Appropriate Posture (????= 3.15), Use of<br>Comfortable Stool (???? 2.96), Stool should be Placed on Flat Surface (???? 3.25) and others. There are Five (5)<br>Questions on keep working surfaces at elbow height, these includes Cutting Tables (???? 3.42),Ironing Table<br>(???? 3.20), Weaving Table (???? 2.95) and others. And five (5) questions on the use of anti-fatigue mat these<br>includes avoid the use of Hilly Shoes (???? 2.92), Worn-Out Shoes (???? 3.00), Rough Floor (???? 3.10) and others.<br>Based on these finding, the study recommended that the fashion designers should avoid hunching over a<br>sewing machine in order to prevent musculoskeletal pains, they should use suitable table/surfaces in cutting,<br>ironing and sewing clothes as this will reduce fatigue stress and other illness and also they should use antifatigue mats in their fashion homes as it will allow them to move to and fro without getting stressed out.</p> Ogbodu, Gloria Stella, Nweyilobu, Lilian N. Copyright (c) 2023 Sat, 13 May 2023 00:00:00 +0100 INVESTIGATION INTO HOME ECONOMICS EDUCATION EXTENSION PROGRAMME ON THE LIVES OF RURAL WOMEN IN POST-COVID-19 PANDEMIC IN ANAMBRA STATE OF NIGERIA <p><span class="fontstyle0">The study investigated the influence of Home Economics Education extension programme on the lives of<br>rural women in Anambra state of Nigeria after global COVID-19 pandemic. Three research questions were<br>formulated to guide the study. It adopted survey design. The population of the study was 3,580 rural women<br>in three educational senatorial zones of Anambra state. A sample of 360 respondents was drawn on equal<br>ratio from the population. A structured questionnaire was used as instrument for data collection which also<br>served as an interview guide for non-literate rural women. A mean ratio of 2.50 based on 4-point Likert<br>scale was accepted. Three experts from Department of Agricultural/Home Science Education of Michael<br>Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike, Abia state, validated the instrument. Pearson Moment<br>Correlation was used to compute the coefficient stability of the instrument. Findings revealed that Home<br>Economics Education extension workers were taught house craft skills, proper use of contraceptives and<br>techniques for proper management of limited resources among others, as various ways the programme<br>positively impacted on the lives of rural women after the pandemic. It elucidated inhibited problems of the<br>programme as lack of qualified staff, insufficient equipment and facilities and many more. It concluded that<br>such inhibitions should be tackled by engaging qualified staff, providing adequate equipment and functional<br>facilities among others. The study finally recommended that Home Economics Education extension workers<br>should organize seminars and symposia for rural women in rural communities</span> </p> Copyright (c) 2023 Sat, 13 May 2023 00:00:00 +0100 COVID-19 PANDEMIC: THE ROLE OF THE HOMEMAKER IN CURBING THE MENACE <p>The coronavirus disease (Covid-19) pandemic is a highly deadly disease that sent many people to early<br>grave. It brought the whole world to a halt when it was announced as a result of its effects on humans. The<br>pandemic shocked the world, overwhelmed the health sector and brought the economy of the world to a<br>stand still. The cause of the deadly scourge is an organism too minute to be seen with the eyes. This paper<br>Covid-19 pandemic: The role of the homemaker in curbing the menace looked at the origin of the deadly<br>organism which many people especially Nigerians still believe till date is a scam. The origin of the organism<br>is Wuhan a city in China where aquatic animals are sold. Coronavirus is a communicable respiratory<br>disease with symptoms of cough, sneezing, nasal congestion and a wide range of other disorder. Preventive<br>measures to guard against the deadly virus, and the homemaker’s role in curbing the menace of the deadly<br>disease were discussed. As nutrition plays a vital role in the wellbeing of families, the homemaker’s role in<br>providing adequate nourishing diet especially the immune system boosters were enumerated. In keeping with<br>hygiene practices which help to curb diseases, hand washing, the use of alcohol based sanitizer, social<br>distancing and the use of face masks were looked at. Conclusions and recommendations were made<br>emphasizing on the need to get shots of covid vaccine, the use of media and jingles to create awareness and<br>inform the general public that covid disease is real not a scam were enumerated among others.</p> Oladokun Augustina, Okoh, Patricia A Copyright (c) 2023 Sat, 13 May 2023 00:00:00 +0100 EFFECT OF WORK STRESS ON JOB PERFORMANCE OF FEMALE EMPLOYEES IN ODEDA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF OGUN STATE <p>Work stress is an unpalatable emotional state that a person undergoes when the demands of his job are not balanced with his capability to deal effectively with circumstances around him. This study adopted descriptive designs to look into the aftermaths of work strain on the job discharge of female employees in Odeda Local Government. Three research questions were used to guide the study. The instrument used to collect information was a structured questionnaire of 15 items adapting the four summative scales of strongly agree, agree, disagree and strongly disagree. </p> Copyright (c) 2023 11-05-2023 Thu, 11 May 2023 00:00:00 +0100 FOOD INSECURITY IN POST COVID-19: THE ROLES OF HOME ECONOMICS <p>This research investigated the influence of food insecurity in the post-corona virus era, and the perceived<br>issues that came with it. The Government of Nigeria decided to impose and implement limited mobility or<br>lockdown due to the unexpected coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic outbreak and its infectious transmission<br>rate. The government's order for a lockdown had a severe influence on people's lifestyles and welfare,<br>particularly with relation to food security and the contribution of home economics activities to appropriate<br>dietary needs. The study was guided by two research questions and one hypothesis. Through the use of<br>straightforward random sample methods, a total of 162 respondents were included in the study. This was<br>done to check for the prevalence of depression symptoms related to insufficient feeding that happened during<br>the lockdown and movement restrictions. This brought about shortage of food, lack or unavailability and<br>insufficient food production and its impact on Post-Covid -19 homes and families. The study's findings<br>include an increase in consumers' need for food, a shortage in food supply that results in insufficient feeding<br>in homes, and a rise in food shortage levels in various families in the post-Covid -19 period. It was observed<br>that the pandemic had impact on food security in the form of food chain disruption, unequal food conditions,<br>and uneven food distribution. The effective adoption of more comprehensive and focused social protection<br>programs was advised in order to increase everyone's access to wholesome foods, even in times of need or<br>disaster. Governmental bodies should also make sure that the food system is effective and that, in terms of<br>sustainable food security, national legislation should be duty bound to recognize and incorporates<br>individuals' rights.</p> Awowede, Margaret Agnes, Igbineweka Osarenkhoe Susan Copyright (c) 2023 Sat, 13 May 2023 00:00:00 +0100 ASSESSMENT OF CREATIVE AND INNOVATIVE SKILLS OF BADAGRY ASO-OKE WEAVERS IN THE UTILIZATION OF RECYCLED PLASTICS IN POST COVID-19 FOR WEALTH CREATION <p>This research investigated the influence of food insecurity in the post-corona virus era, and the perceived<br>issues that came with it. The Government of Nigeria decided to impose and implement limited mobility or<br>lockdown due to the unexpected coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic outbreak and its infectious transmission<br>rate. The government's order for a lockdown had a severe influence on people's lifestyles and welfare,<br>particularly with relation to food security and the contribution of home economics activities to appropriate<br>dietary needs. The study was guided by two research questions and one hypothesis. Through the use of<br>straightforward random sample methods, a total of 162 respondents were included in the study. This was<br>done to check for the prevalence of depression symptoms related to insufficient feeding that happened during<br>the lockdown and movement restrictions. This brought about shortage of food, lack or unavailability and<br>insufficient food production and its impact on Post-Covid -19 homes and families. The study's findings<br>include an increase in consumers' need for food, a shortage in food supply that results in insufficient feeding<br>in homes, and a rise in food shortage levels in various families in the post-Covid -19 period. It was observed<br>that the pandemic had impact on food security in the form of food chain disruption, unequal food conditions,<br>and uneven food distribution. The effective adoption of more comprehensive and focused social protection<br>programs was advised in order to increase everyone's access to wholesome foods, even in times of need or<br>disaster. Governmental bodies should also make sure that the food system is effective and that, in terms of<br>sustainable food security, national legislation should be duty bound to recognize and incorporates<br>individuals' rights.</p> Owodiong-Idemeko, B.M, Adubi, K.O., Owodiong Mayen Copyright (c) 2023 Thu, 11 May 2023 00:00:00 +0100 REPOSITIONING HOME ECONOMICS EDUCATION IN TERTIARY INSTITUTIONS THROUGH CLOTHING AND TEXTILES ENTREPRENEURIAL SKILLS FOR ECONOMIC EMPOWERMENT <p><span class="fontstyle0">The study examined how to reposition Home Economics Education in tertiary institutions through clothing<br>and textiles entrepreneurial skills for economic empowerment in post covid-19 pandemic. Three specific<br>purposes and one hypothesis guided the study. Descriptive survey design was adopted for the study. 33<br>Lecturers and 416 students constituted the population and all were studied so no sampling. A structured<br>questionnaire was used to collect data from the respondents. The instrument was face validated by 3<br>experienced lecturers and was tested for reliability . The reliability was established using test-retest<br>reliability method. The reliability coefficient obtained was 0.84. This indicated high consistency reliability<br>of the instrument. Data was analysed using mean, standard deviation and t-test. Findings showed eighteen<br>(18) skills that can be acquired through Clothing and Textiles in Home Economics. They include; fashion<br>designing, tie and dye/batik production, development and production of patterns, dressmaking among others.<br>Factors that impede Home Economics for skills acquisition include; lack of enough practical demonstration,<br>inadequate facilities among others. Eleven (11) ways were proffered on how to reposition Home economics<br>Education. Among them are; in-service training of lecturers and ensuring proper supervision of institution.<br>Based on the findings, recommendations were made.</span> </p> Bob-Eze, Nwamaka N Copyright (c) 2023 Sat, 13 May 2023 00:00:00 +0100 POST COVID-19 PANDEMIC INFLUENCE ON SUSTAINABLE LIFESTYLES OF RETIREES IN UMUAHIA NORTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, ABIA STATE <p>The paper examined the Post-COVID-19 pandemic influence on sustainable lifestyles of Retireesin Umuahia<br />North Local Government Area, Abia State. Specifically, the study determined the types of lifestyles lived by<br />the retirees; the challenges faced by retirees as a result of the pandemic and solutions to the challenges.</p> Umeh-Idika, Adaku., Nnanna Joyce O., Azubuike Ozioma C Copyright (c) 2023 Thu, 11 May 2023 00:00:00 +0100 ENTREPRENEURIAL ENGAGEMENT OF NIGERIAN YOUTHS IN FRUITS JUICE ENTERPRISE FOR SUSTAINABLE LIVELIHOOD IN POST PANDEMIC <p>The study investigated entrepreneurial engagement of Nigerian youths in fruits juice enterprise for<br>sustainable livelihood in post pandemic using Delta State as case study. The study adopted survey research<br>design. The population for the study was 136 subjects, comprising 40 Home Economics Lecturers and 96<br>registered fruits juice entrepreneurs. The instrument for data collection for the study was a structured closeended questionnaire face-validated by three experts and with Cronbach Alpha reliability coefficient of 0.87.<br>Data were collected by the researchers with the help of four research assistants. Out of the 136 copies of the<br>questionnaire administered, 131 copies were completely filed and returned representing 96.3% return rate.<br>Data were analysed using descriptive statistics of mean, standard deviation and t-test statistics. From the<br>results, the study identified 18 equipment required by youths for fruits juice production, 20 requisite skills<br>required by youth for fruits juice production and 12 requisite skills required by youth for marketing of fruit<br>juice. There are no significant (p&lt;0.05) difference in the mean ratings of Home Economics lecturers and<br>registered fruits juice entrepreneurs on the equipment (t-cal=0.41) and requisite skills (t-cal=0.37) required<br>by youth for marketing fruits juice, whereas, there is significant (p&lt;0.05) difference in the mean ratings of<br>Home Economics lecturers and registered fruits juice entrepreneurs on the requisite skills (t-cal=2.12)<br>required by youth for fruits juice production. Hence, the study recommended adequate provision of required<br>training and subsidized equipment and facilities to youth in entrepreneurial engagement in fruits juice<br>enterprise.</p> Apaokueze, Tessy Nkechi, Nwabuisi M Copyright (c) 2023 Sat, 13 May 2023 00:00:00 +0100 IMPACT OF COVID-19 ON SELECTED SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISES IN ENUGU STATE, NIGERIA <p><span class="fontstyle0">The COVID-19 pandemic altered the global economic system and established a new normal; among other<br>things, businesses were negatively impacted, with the household income of families suffering due to job<br>losses and business closures. The primary goal of the study is to analyze the impact of COVID-19 on small<br>and medium-sized businesses in Enugu State and how those effects affect household income. In order to<br>collect data, both primary and secondary sources were used. Two hundred (200) questionnaires were given<br>to small- and medium-sized business owners as well as to households in the Enugu metropolitan. The data<br>collected were then analysed using a percentage and frequency table. The outcome demonstrates how the<br>COVID-19 pandemic has affected consumers' short- and medium-term purchasing power as evidenced by<br>the increased demand for vital commodities at the expense of non-essentials as a result of panic buying.<br>Second, the COVID-19 pandemic-related decline in crude oil prices and the ensuing depreciation of the<br>country's currency provides a significant issue for SME operators. Thirdly, a sharp and rapid drop in<br>demand and revenue for small and medium-sized businesses (SMEs) has a negative impact on their ability<br>to operate and/or results in significant cash problems. Consumers also encounter income loss, fear of<br>spreading the disease, and increased uncertainty, all of which lead to decreased spending and consumption.<br>The study concluded that the government and large corporations should keep taking action to mitigate the<br>impact of COVID-19 on enterprises and household income by securing investment and offering relief to<br>families</span> </p> Ekomaru, C. I, Okwulehie, F.C, Opara, Happiness C Copyright (c) 2023 Sat, 13 May 2023 00:00:00 +0100 SURVEY ON HOME ECONOMICS EDUCATION: A PANACEA FOR HOUSEHOLD MEMBERS SUSTAINABILITY IN POST COVID-19 PANDEMIC ERA. <p>This study aimed at establishing if Home Economics Curriculum content provides knowledge, skills<br>and attitudes needed in food and nutrition, Home Management and consumerism, clothing and<br>textiles by individuals and household members for sustainability in post Covid-19 era. Three<br>research questions guided the study, a survey research design was employed, population for the<br>study comprised all Home Economics lecturers in Tertiary Institutions in Delta State, A purposive<br>sampling techniques was used to select 31 lecturers with M.Ed and Ph.D for the study. A<br>questionnaire was used for data collection and data collected was analysed using mean statistics.<br>Result obtained revealed that Home Economics Curriculum contents can provide knowledge, skills<br>and attitudes required for individual and household members sustainability in post Covid-19 era,<br>(grand mean =3.1). Based on this result, it was recommended that Federal Ministry of Education<br>should make Home Economics a compulsory subject of study in primary and post primary levels of<br>Education.</p> 1Uko-Aviomoh, E.E, Okafor, P Copyright (c) 2023 Sat, 13 May 2023 00:00:00 +0100 CREDIT FACILITIES AVAILABLE TO SMALL SCALE CLOTHING AND TEXTILE YOUNG ENTREPRENEURS IN ENUGU STATE <p>This study aimed at identifying credit facilities available to small scale clothing and textiles young<br>Entrepreneurs in Enugu State. It utilized descriptive survey research design. The population was 540<br>Clothing and Textiles Entrepreneurs and bank managers. The Sample for this study was 126 comprising of<br>66 entrepreneurs 30lecturers and 30 bank managers. Multi-stage sampling technique were adopted in<br>choosing the respondents. The instrument for data collection was structured questionnaire titled “Credit<br>Facilities Availability Questionnaire in Enugu State” (CFAQ). The instrument was validated by three<br>experts. To obtain the reliability of the instrument, the questionnaire was trial-tested on 20 respondents in<br>Anambra State. Cronbach Alpha reliability coefficient of 0.83 was realized and was deemed reliable. Data<br>collected for this study were analyzed using a mean of 2.50 for the research questions and t-test statistic for<br>testing the hypotheses formulated at 0.05 level of significance. The results of the data analyzed show that,<br>over draft from banks, loans from thrift operators, cooperatives, family and friends among others are sources<br>of credit available to young entrepreneurs.</p> Emeghebo, Udochukwu M, Amaefule, Ginika Copyright (c) 2023 Sat, 13 May 2023 00:00:00 +0100 ASSESSMENT OF HOMEMAKERS’ NUTRITIONAL KNOWLEDGE ON MANAGEMENT OF DIABETIC PATIENTS IN POST COVID-19 PANDEMIC IN ASABA <p>The main purpose of this study was to assess homemakers’ nutritional knowledge of the management of<br />diabetic patients in post Covid-19 pandemic. Three specific objectives and research questions guided the<br />study. Descriptive survey was adopted. The population of the study is infinite. The purposive sampling<br />technique was used to select 100 homemakers with their client visiting the Asaba Specialist Hospital. </p> Iyegbu Rhoda Uzoamaka, Okonkwo Grace Anene Copyright (c) 2023 Thu, 11 May 2023 00:00:00 +0100 TURNING WASTE INTO WEALTH: A POST COVID-19 PANDEMIC STRATEGY OF SUSTAINBILITY <p>Nigeria is part of the countries and regions impacted by the Covid-19 pandemic, which is a brand-new viral<br>illness. Virtually every area of the business has been significantly impacted and influenced by the epidemic.<br>Waste generation and management are among the 21st century's most urgent environmental issues.<br>Worldwide garbage quantities are continually rising despite legislative measures. It would be feasible to<br>save tremendous quantities of materials by enhancing reuse and recycling alternatives, in addition to the<br>significant environmental effects of the large amounts of waste land occupied. The Covid-19 epidemic had<br>a substantial influence on garbage recycling as well, which increased non-recyclable consumption in<br>response to hygienic requirements as well as new consumption habits. The research was planned as a<br>descriptive survey. This research focuses on sustainable post-Covid-19 pandemic methods for generating<br>money out of garbage. The study's conclusions showed that plastic, nylon, metal, organic fraction, nasal<br>masks, and other waste products may be recycled into riches both during and after the epidemic. Therefore,<br>the study advised that in order to avoid relying on "emergency approaches," based on having to resort to<br>rises in non-recyclable consumption types, it is essential to boost level of readiness for an anticipated<br>incidence of any disease outbreak in the future. It will also be stated how and where to turn waste into useful<br>assets.</p> Igbineweka, O. S, 1Efebhor, E. P, Ighorhiowhunui, O. J., Okwunwa, K. R. Copyright (c) 2023 Sat, 13 May 2023 00:00:00 +0100 SERVICE QUALITY AND BRAND LOYALTY: EVIDENCE FROM CHAIN FAST FOOD COMPANIES IN SOUTHS EAST NIGERIA <p><span class="fontstyle0">This study determined the influence of service quality on customer loyalty in chain fast food companies in<br>South East Nigeria. It was a survey that was guided by three objectives and three research hypotheses.<br>Consumers of chain fast food products and services served as respondents while the sample size was 323. A<br>17-itemed questionnaire on a 4-point scale which reliability test produced a co-efficient of 0.79 served as<br>research instrument and accessibility sampling technique was used in the administration of the instrument.<br>Descriptive and inferential statistics on SPSS version 23 were used to analyze the data generated. Findings<br>revealed that, reliability dimension has positive/significant relationship with brand loyalty(R = 0.504);<br>responsiveness dimension has positive/significant relationship with brand loyalty (R = 0.245) while<br>tangibles dimension has a negative relationship with brand loyalty (R = -0.023). In view of the findings, the<br>study concluded that reliability and responsiveness dimensions of service quality have positive /significant<br>relationships with brand loyalty while tangibles dimension has a negative relationship with brand loyalty in<br>the study area and therefore recommended that managers of fast food companies must among others ensure<br>that service promises are fulfilled, billings are properly done and training of service providers made top<br>priority in order to improve their speed and mitigate service defects and failures in service delivery</span> </p> Anyanwu, I.B, Ezeaku, M,N, Amaechi-Chijioke, J.I Copyright (c) 2023 Sat, 13 May 2023 00:00:00 +0100 IMPACT OF HOME ECONOMICS ON FAMILY, AND FAMILY LIFE AND EDUCATION IN POST COVID – 19 PANDEMIC. <p>The study investigated the impact of Home Economics on family, family life and education in post COVID19 Pandemic, two research questions was used for the study. The research design adopted in this study was<br />descriptive survey design. The population for this study was made up of all adult in Ore-Edo Local<br />Government areas in Edo State, through simple random sampling technique, a total of two hundred and<br />seventy-nine adults both male and female were selected.</p> Aluyor, P., Idialu, E. E Copyright (c) 2023 Thu, 11 May 2023 00:00:00 +0100 INVESTIGATION ON THE IMPACT OF POST COVID-19 PANDEMIC ON NUTRITION AND FOOD SECURITY IN NIGERIA <p>The Corona virus is spreading at a very rapid pace, inflicting tremendous damage to all sectors without any<br>exception, but nevertheless the extent of the damage and losses resulting from the pandemic differ from one<br>sector to another and from one country to another, but what certainly counts most to people during crises is<br>to meet their food needs rather than any other, so the aim of this paper is to discuss the impact of nutrition<br>and food security in post Covid 19 pandemic. The scale of this was of an international level, with special<br>focus on countries suffering from food insecurity. Toward this end, data provided by the Food Agriculture<br>Organization (FAO), and the World Health Organization (WHO) have been analyzed, as well as studies<br>conducted and published on the subject. The findings indicate that Covid 19 has had a huge impact on<br>perishable food and caused remarkable food shortages in poor countries, conflict zones and war-affected<br>regions. Additionally, Covid 19 threatened food security even in some developed, whereas developing<br>countries are the most affected due to their high dependency in securing their food supplies. Finally, based<br>on the findings, we have suggested some recommendations that would help boosting sustainable food<br>security. Some of them include Government should implement more robust targeted social protection<br>programmes to improve access to healthy nutritious foods as well as ensure better protections for vulnerable<br>and marginalized food system workers and farmers who are disproportionately affected by the crisis.</p> Chukwuka, F. O, Godwin, H. E., Uloko, M. E Copyright (c) 2023 Sat, 13 May 2023 00:00:00 +0100 SERVICE QUALITY AND CONSUMER-BASED BRAND EQUITY IN CHAIN FAST FOOD OPERATIONS <p>This study examined the influence of service quality on consumer-based brand equity in chain fast food<br>companies in South East Nigeria. The study was a survey and four research questions and one hypothesis<br>guided the study. Customers of chain fast food companies in the study area served as respondents while the<br>sample size was 323. The research instrument used for data collection was a 24-itemed questionnaire on a<br>4-point scale which produced a reliability co-efficient of 0.79 when tested for reliability. Accessibility<br>sampling technique was used in the administration of the instrument while descriptive and inferential<br>statistical tools on SPSS version 23 were used to analyze the data generated. Findings revealed that there<br>was insignificant difference in the perceptive rating of service quality on brand awareness; perceived service<br>quality was found to be high; brand loyalty was found to be strong while the relationship between service<br>quality and consumer-based brand equity was found to be strongly positive (0.817) in the study area. In view<br>of the findings, the study concluded that the quality of services offered by chain fast food companies in the<br>study area has positive relationship with consumer-based brand equity. It is recommended among others<br>that operators of fast food companies must ensure that their service offerings are want-satisfying, and that<br>service providers should be made to be service-oriented and responsive in attending to customer service<br>needs to develop long lasting relationships with customers and drive up brand equity.</p> Copyright (c) 2023 Sat, 13 May 2023 00:00:00 +0100 RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN MOTHERS NUTRITIONAL KNOWLEDGE AND PRACTICES AND THEIR CHILDREN’S FOOD HABITS IN DELTA NORTH SENATORIAL DISTRICT <p>The study is to examined the relationship between mothers’ nutritional knowledge and practices and their<br />relationship with children’s food habits in Delta North Senatorial District. Four (4) research questions<br />guided this study. The study tested one null hypothesis. The study adopted a survey research design. The<br />population was six hundred and twenty-one thousand, three hundred and six (621,306) mothers within the<br />childbearing age in Delta North Senatorial District. A sample of 300 mothers were selected for the study<br />using the multi-stage sampling technique. The instrument for data collection in this study was a structured<br />questionnaire. </p> Emeka, Ebele Cynthia Copyright (c) 2023 Thu, 11 May 2023 00:00:00 +0100 PERCEPTION OF GLOBAL PANDEMIC'S EFFECTS ON FOOD SUPPLY. EXPERIENCES OF LECTURERS AT COLLEGES OF EDUCATION IN DELTA STATE WITH INSECURITY AND HUNGER <p>This study’s goals are to look at how the COVID -19 epidemic has affected the availability of food in Delta<br>State, Nigeria, as well as how academics there see how it has affected their experiences with hunger and<br>food insecurity. The design of a descriptive survey was used. 26 lecturers from Delta State's colleges of<br>education were used. The study allowed for participation from the entire population. "Food Insecurity and<br>Hunger Experience in Post Covid-19 Pandemic Questionnaire (FIHEPCPQ)," a structured questionnaire,<br>used as the primary tool for data gathering. The validity of the instrument was done by two professionals<br>from the School of Vocational Educations and one from the Faculty of Education, Delta State University<br>Abraka. The internal consistency of the instrument was determined by administering the instrument to twenty<br>(20) lecturers in Alvan Ikoku College of Education Owerri. The data collected were analyzed using<br>Cronbach Alpha Reliability Approach to yield a reliability coefficient value of 0.79. Data were evaluated.<br>using mean and standard deviation. The test of hypotheses was achieved using t-test statistics. The study's<br>findings show that there is no discernible difference between the mean ratings of male and female professors'<br>judgments of the impact of the global pandemic on food insecurity and hunger in Delta State, Nigeria, or<br>between their opinions of the virus' impact on the state's food supply. Thus, the paper recommended, among<br>others, that the school management should increase the rate of food supply available for Lecturers in the<br>Colleges of Education in Delta State and that the state government should increase the food distribution<br>channels to increase the accessibility of food in the state.</p> Isibor Angela Osas Copyright (c) 2023 Sat, 13 May 2023 00:00:00 +0100 ASSESSMENT OF THE LEVEL OF HEALTH AND NUTRITION EDUCATION KNOWLEDGE AMONG HOUSEHOLDS IN UMUAHIA <p>The study determined the need for Nutrition and Health Education among members of different households<br>in the urban city of Umuahia. Two research questions guided the study. A descriptive survey design was<br>employed for the study. The instrument for data collection was a structured questionnaire and validated.<br>The questionnaire elicited information on the demographic characteristics of the household members,<br>information on the need for health and nutrition education to be promoted and the expected skills necessary<br>for the nutrition and health education. Multistage cluster sampling technique was adopted to elicit<br>information from 400 respondents from 90 households. The reliability of the instrument was ascertained<br>using Pearson product moment correlation coefficient which yielded a reliability index of 0.63. The data<br>collected were analyzed using mean to answer question one and two. The result of the showed that household<br>members within Umuahia have an agreeable level of nutrition education knowledge. Item No 9 with a mean<br>of 1. 65 indicate that good job may not necessarily depend on knowledge of health and nutrition education.<br>While answer to research question two showed that these households do not utilize these skills in promoting<br>health and nutrition education knowledge. The target population area is Umuahia south and North L.G.A.<br>added to support estimated level of nutrition education among households. The study recommended that<br>regular advocacy on health and nutrition education be organized by independent, non-governmental and<br>governmental agencies to enhance and promote family and national development.</p> Mbah, Patricia.,, Nwakpadolu, Glory, Kanu Chidindu Copyright (c) 2023 Sat, 13 May 2023 00:00:00 +0100 WASTE DISPOSAL METHODS AND HEALTH STATUS OF HOUSEHOLDS IN UYO LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA IN POST COVID-19 ERA <p><span class="fontstyle0">The study investigated Waste Disposal Methods and Health Status of Households in Uyo Local Government<br>Area in Post Covid-19 Era. Three research questions were raised to guide the study. Descriptive survey<br>research design was adopted in the study. The population comprised of 1,265,000 people made up of all<br>residents in Uyo Local Government Area of Akwa Ibom State. A sample size of 400 respondents was drawn<br>using Taro Yamane sampling formula and used to collect data for the study. Stratified and simple random<br>sampling techniques were employed to select the respondents. A structured questionnaire titled: Waste<br>Disposal Methods and Health Status of Households Questionnaire (WDMHSHQ) was used for data<br>collection. The content of the instrument was validated by three experts in cognate disciplines all in<br>University of Uyo. Cronbach Alpha statistical analysis was used to determine the internal consistency of the<br>instrument and the analysis yielded a reliability coefficient of 0.79. Data collected was analysed using Mean<br>and Standard Deviation. Findings revealed that burning of wastes (cluster mean = 3. 49), dumping of wastes<br>(cluster mean = 3.50) and compost wastes (cluster mean = 3.38) all had negative effect on the health status<br>of households in Uyo Local Government Area in the Post Covid-19 Era with varying cluster mean values<br>and standard deviation. Based on the findings, the researchers conclude that waste disposal methods have<br>negative effect on health status of households in Uyo Local Government Area of Akwa Ibom State in the post<br>covid-19 Era and therefore recommend amongst others that households should engage more in the compost<br>wastes disposal method as it has less negative effect on the health status of households in the study area</span> </p> Usoroh, C. I, Etokakpan, C. M, Olumuyiwa, B. O Copyright (c) 2023 Sat, 13 May 2023 00:00:00 +0100 DETERMINANTS OF GENDER ROLES AND DECISION MAKING IN SMALL-HOLDER PALM OIL PRODUCTION IN POST COVID-19 PANDEMIC IN DELTA STATE <p>Palm oil production in Nigeria is mainly by traditional methods. Its high dietary content has made it an increasingly demanded household edible oil. Beyond the immediate palm oil productivity challenges, the Covid-19 pandemic created gaps in resource delivery across the supply value chain. Determinants of gender roles and decision-making in the palm oil production process are the focus of this article. Four randomly selected LGAs in Delta State were covered. A total of 160 palm oil processors (80 males and 80 females) were selected. Frequencies, percentages, and pie charts were employed in analyzing the data. The gender<br />activity profile showed that fruits sterilization (81.2%), milling (70%), preservation (90 %), and marketing (90.6%) were mainly female dominated while bunch harvesting (98.7%), quartering of the bunch (98.1 %) and stripping (61.9 %) were predominantly male activities</p> Amuwah, V.O., Abojei, J.O., Ighoro, A., Oyita, G.E. Copyright (c) 2023 Thu, 11 May 2023 00:00:00 +0100 IMPACT OF HOME ECONOMICS EDUCATION IN MARRIAGE SUSTAINABILITY <p><span class="fontstyle0">Globally, the COVID-19 outbreak has had an impact on individuals. Some nations, like Nigeria, enacted<br>extensive social restrictions. The study sought to investigate how Home Economics programme helped<br>preserve couples in the post-Covid-19 era because it has been established that marriage improves the lives<br>of individuals. People in Nigeria amid the COVID-19 pandemic's widespread societal restrictions. Married<br>couples' longitudinal survey data will be gathered before and after COVID-19. average, standard deviation,<br>and a straightforward percentage The health of couples in various circumstances was examined using data<br>both before and after the COVID-19 epidemic. Results showed that improving family relationships via home<br>economics activities during lockdown, such as increased communication, helped to keep couples together in<br>the post-Covid-19 period. In order to stop issues from getting worse and to assist couples in creating<br>enduring marriages, it was suggested that home economics psychoeducation programs for couples be used<br>during crisis situations</span> </p> Imonioro Helen, Odibo Mabel Ovokeyen, Okoruwa Jane, Orugboh Lawrenta Copyright (c) 2023 Sat, 13 May 2023 00:00:00 +0100 CREATIVITIES AND INNOVATIVE SKILLS IN HOME ECONOMICS <p>The purpose of the study was to examine creativities and innovative skills in Home Economics. The study<br>focused on Home Economics as one subject that adequately equips individuals and groups though<br>creativities and innovative skill for gainful employment and self actualization. It explored the various ways<br>Home Economics can enhance entrepreneurial skills, wealth creation and poverty alleviation. . It focuses<br>on mission, rewards, goals, objectives and components of Home Economics. The paper fully examined the<br>concept and the importance of Home Economics Education as creative and innovative for skills acquisition.<br>This will promote income earnings for individuals and families thereby reducing unemployment, poverty,<br>economic hardship and restoring dignity and hope to the educated, uneducated and families. It was therefore<br>recommended among others that Home Economics education should provide necessary link to employ the<br>next generation through creativities and innovative skills, Government ought to introduce innovative<br>programs and new trends to aid the knowledge of the society and Tertiary institutions in the nation should<br>be massively empowered with the important resources or materials to improve the capabilities of graduates<br>for creative and innovative skills</p> Ojo Faith Uyiosa, Etuokwu Maureen Nkechi, Ukpene Chiaka Patience Copyright (c) 2023 Sat, 13 May 2023 00:00:00 +0100 HOME MANAGEMENT STRATEGIES FOR FOOD SECURITY DURING COVID-19 PANDEMIC <p>The study Examined household management strategies for food security during the COVID-19 pandemic.<br>This study employed a descriptive survey design. The population consisted 5,663,400 people of Delta State.<br>The Taro Yamane formula was used to determine the sample size, which was 400. The questionnaire was<br>used to collect data for this study. Cronbach's alpha,was used to determine the reliability of the instrument<br>which produced a r value of 0.69. Data were analysed using multiple regression, means, standard deviation<br>and Pearson correlation. Findings showed that the factors affecting the management of home and families<br>are (number of children, average age of children, family income, food availability, food diversification and<br>food hike) had a significant relationship with home economics, and food availability was the highest<br>predictor (? =.051) of home economics status; COVID 19 has an effect on food security; various coping<br>mechanisms were employed by Deltans to alleviate the problems posed by COVID; During the COVID-19<br>pandemic, the majority of respondents had poor home management, and there was a substantial positive<br>association between food security and home economics. It was concluded that the factors affecting home<br>economics (home management) significantly predict home economics during COVID-19 just as food<br>availability was the highest predictor of home management. Several coping strategies were employed during<br>COVID-19 pandemic for household survival. Besides, most respondents had unsatisfactory home<br>management during the pandemic. The government's implementation of steps to achieve food security was<br>primarily advised because doing so promotes both sustainable economic growth and human health.</p> Enwelim, O.J., Onariase, O.E, Ihensekhien, I. Copyright (c) 2023 Sat, 13 May 2023 00:00:00 +0100 EFFECTS OF RED BANANA MEAL SUPPLEMENTED WITH VITAMIN ON RATS BIOCHEMICAL INDICES <p><span class="fontstyle0">This study aimed at comparing the effects of peeled and unpeeled red banana meal with vitamin C, B</span><span class="fontstyle0">12 </span><span class="fontstyle0">and<br>B complex supplementation on some biochemical indices of different groups of Wistar rats. Forty eight (48)<br>weanling albino Wistar rats weighing between 41 – 57 g were used. They were randomly selected into six<br>(6) groups consisting of eight (8) rats. Coded as Unpeeled Red Banana with Vitamin (URWV), Unpeeled<br>Red Banana without Vitamin (URWO), Peeled Red Banana with Vitamin (PRWV), Peeled Red Banana<br>without Vitamin (PRWV), nutribom and normal rat pellet. They experimental animals were acclimatized for<br>3days and animals were given food and water for 21days the left overs were recorded daily. At the end of<br>the 21days feeding, animals were anesthetized using chloroform vapour, blood sample taken for biochemical<br>analyses serum AST, ALT, ALP, lipid profile were assayed .The results of the study showed that serum ALT<br>of rat fed with unpeeled red banana with vitamin (URWV) was 26.88 ± 2.65µl/L while rat fed with nutribom<br>(control) was 26.75 ± 1.60 µl/L. The ALP of rats fed with URWV was 239.43 ± 35.25 µl/L which increased<br>significantly (P ? 0.05) when compared with control (184.11 ± 16.68 µl\L/). Total cholesterol increased<br>significantly in URWV 3.87 ± 0.13 µl/L (p ? 0.05) when compared with control 1.86 ± 0.17 µl/L, TG &amp; HDL<br>level were not significantly higher than the control in URWV, PRWV and PRWO. Total protein, albumin and<br>globulin in all the groups were not significantly different (p ? 0.05) when compared with nutribom the<br>control.</span> </p> Iniubong Abasiodiong Thomas, Nkoyo Isong, M.I. Akpanabiatu, Pat E. Mbah Copyright (c) 2023 Sat, 13 May 2023 00:00:00 +0100 POVERTY REDUCTION STRATEGIES BY HOME ECONOMICS TEACHERS IN PUBLIC SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN ASABA METROPOLIS, BEFORE, DURING AND BEYOND COVID -19 <p>This study aimed at determining Poverty Reduction Strategies by Home Economics Teachers in Public<br>Secondary Schools in Asaba metropolis. Three research questions guided the study. Survey research design<br>was adopted for the study. Fifty (50) Home Economics teachers in public Secondary Schools in Asaba<br>Metropolis were sampled and participated in the study and the population for the study was made up of fifty<br>(50) Home Economics teachers in the public Secondary Schools in Asaba metropolis. The instrument for<br>data collection was a questionnaire developed by the researcher and validated by two experts in Home<br>Economics and measurement evaluation from the Delta state university Abraka Delta State. Using the<br>Pearson's product moment correlation coefficient to determine its co-efficient A correlation of 0.72 was<br>obtained which was high enough for the study Data analysis is was done using mean and standard deviation<br>to answer the research questions. The result of the study among others showed that from the data analyzed,<br>all agreed on the strategies for achieving sustainable development goals: Home Economies as skill<br>acquisition course will go a long way eradicating poverty and unemployment in Nigeria. Insufficient<br>orientation on practical ways to adopt in teaching, lack of appropriate facilities, instructional aids and<br>limited lesson periods have all militated against effective actualization of expected sustainable development<br>goals in Asaba Metropolis in Delta State Nigeria. Based on these findings, it was recommended that Home<br>Economies Professionals Associations leaders should organize conferences and workshop where Home<br>Economics teachers obtain adequate information of how to continue to contribute meaningfully to the<br>achievement of sustainable development goals beyond Covid 19.</p> Uzoka Florence Amara, Onuorah Uloma C Copyright (c) 2023 Sat, 13 May 2023 00:00:00 +0100 WILLINGNESS TO UTILIZE DOMESTIC WASTES FOR POULTRY SUPPLEMENT BY RURAL WOMEN IN CREATING WEALTH: IN A POST COVID-19 PANDEMIC IN ABIA STATE <p><span class="fontstyle0">This study determined the willingness by rural women to utilize domestic waste as poultry supplement as a<br>means of wealth creation in a post COVID 19 pandemic in Arochukwu LGA of Abia State. The study raised<br>the three research questions which were answered. A survey research design was employed. A sample of<br>150 housewives were drawn from the target population of 400 housewives who depend on their husbands<br>income or on their hard-earned finances in Arochukwu LGA. Purposive random sampling techniques was<br>employed to determine the sample for the study.The data collected was systematically analysed using the<br>mean and standard deviation of four-point likert type scale of 2.5 average. It revealed that all the items listed<br>as procedures involved in producing poultry supplements in order to reduce much spending in poultry<br>keeping got the mean scores above 2.50. this indicate that the respondents agreed with the items as the steps<br>involved in producing poultry supplement from some domestic wastes such as fish bone, eggshell, coconut<br>chaff. The eggs when sold will generate income for the family members. The quantity of feed bought for<br>each set will be less, thereby creating extra income for the family members. The study revealed that all the<br>listed items recorded a mean score of above 2.50 meaning that the respondents with the items confirming<br>their willingness to embark on the poultry farming in Arochukwu communities. Based on the findings, a<br>pragmatic recommendation that will help to encourage rural women to start keeping poultry for wealth<br>creation were made, for example: The Rural Women should be encouraged to attend extension programmes<br>concerning wealth creation and the like, to acquire the needed knowledge on the utilization of domestic<br>wastes. The Rural Women should be given financial assistance from the Government, NGOs and Banks.<br>among others</span> </p> Nnanna Joyce O, Ume-Idika, Adaku Copyright (c) 2023 Sat, 13 May 2023 00:00:00 +0100 CHALLENGES AND REMEDIES OF HOSPITALITY INDUSTRIES IN AKWA IBOM STATE IN POST COVID-19 ERA <p>The study investigated challenges and remedies of the hospitality industry in Akwa Ibom State in Post Covid19 Era. The study adopted a descriptive survey design. The population of the study comprised of the 100,000 workers in the 5,000 hospitality industries in the State. A sample size of 382 workers was used for data collection based on Krejice and Morgan sample model...</p> Usoroh, Comfort, David, Sylvia O Copyright (c) 2023 Thu, 11 May 2023 00:00:00 +0100 FORMULATION AND EVALUATION OF COMPLEMENTARY FOOD BASED ON BREADNUT (ARTOCARPUS CAMANSI) <p><span class="fontstyle0">Commercial complementary foods are not affordable by all and the nutrients claims on the labels may not<br>be reliable whereas there are locally grown and available protein rich seed that can improved both nutrient<br>composition and sensory characteristics of the cereal-based complementary foods. Child malnutrition, due<br>to poor quality of complementary foods, is a major cause of mortality among infants and children in many<br>sub-Saharan Africa, Nigeria inclusive. The study formulated and evaluated complementary foods made from<br>composites of breadnut, sorghum, soybeans and crayfish. Breadnuts (Artocarpus camansi) were harvested<br>from a local farm in Elile Village, Eastern Obolo LGA Akwa, Ibom State, Nigeria. Sorghum and soybean<br>were purchased from Urua Akpan Ndem Market in Uyo Metttropolis, Akwa Ibom State and crayfish was<br>purchased at Lagos fishing pot in Eastern Obolo LGA, Akwa Ibom State. Breadnut and sorghum were<br>combined in the ratio of 50:50 (B1SSC), 70:30 (B2SSC), and 80:20 (B3SSC) while soybeans and crayfish<br>were 20:10 at constant rate in the formulated foods, 100 % cerelae (B4IF) were used as control. Proximate<br>composition of the complementary foods was determined while sensory evaluation was done to determine<br>their organoleptic quality and acceptability. The sensory attributes and nutrients were high and were<br>generally acceptable, had no significant P&gt;0.05 with B4IF (cerelae). Hence, it could be recommended as a<br>more adequate complementary food than cerelac. Breadnut should be used when fortifying complementary<br>food made from sorghum and can be use as alternative for cerelac to improve the nutritional health of<br>infants.</span> </p> JOHN, Abigail Evans, ISONG, Nkoyo B, MBAH, Patricia Etuna Copyright (c) 2023 Sat, 13 May 2023 00:00:00 +0100 FOOD AND NUTRITION DYNAMICS IN POST COVID- 19 PANDEMIC <p>Food security and nutritional intake is one vital phenomenon in every human life and should not be handled<br>with kid gloves. This study aimed at empirically analysing food and nutrition dynamics in post Covid-19<br>pandemic. The study adopted descriptive survey research design. The population of the study was 100<br>respondents randomly selected among individuals and households at Isieke village in Asaba. The stratified<br>sampling technique was adopted for the study. The Chi-Square test was essentially used to determine whether<br>all of the people and households encountered problems with food security and dietary intake post covid-19.<br>The findings of the study revealed that the levels of food security and dietary consumption were respectively,<br>0.219 and 0.036. The post COVID-19 dynamics reaction major, however, has little to no impact on the<br>individual and household level. Even though many people asserted that the lockdown action had an adverse<br>effect, our research found that the adverse effect of the dynamics of covid-19 was felt minimally post<br>pandemic. The study concluded that food and nutrition were not fully affected by lockdown measures during<br>COVID-19; rather, the post-COVID-19 period brought with it the significant difficulties that endangered<br>household and individuals. The study recommended the improved protections for farmers and other<br>marginalized workers in the food chain who are disproportionately impacted by the crisis and encourage<br>more resilient and diverse distribution networks, including localized marketplaces and shorter supply<br>chains.</p> Ogbanu Domitilla Nwabuko, Ilooba Lucky Odor, Evroro Mavie Erommedoghene, Eradajire Blessing Nkechi Copyright (c) 2023 Sat, 13 May 2023 00:00:00 +0100 EFFECTS OF SOAKING, BOILING, AND TOASTING PROCESSING TECHNIQUES ON NUTRIENT COMPOSITION OF PIGEON PEA FLOURS AND ORGANOLEPTIC ATTRIBUTES OF THEIR PUDDINGS AND BALLS. <p>This study evaluated the effects of soaking, boiling and toasting processing techniques on nutrient and<br>phytochemical composition of pigeon pea flour and the organoleptic properties of their puddings and balls.<br>Pigeon pea and cowpea seeds which served as control were purchased, processed into flour, used for the<br>preparation of puddings and balls. The pigeon pea flour samples were subjected to proximate, vitamin and<br>mineral analysis using standard methods. The data generated from organoleptic evaluation, proximate,<br>vitamins and minerals analyses respectively, were subjected to statistical analysis with descriptive statistics<br>SPSS version 20. One way ANOVA was used to compare mean at p&lt;0.05 probability level. Findings show<br>that the processing techniques significantly improved the nutrient properties of the pigeon pea flours.<br>However, toasted pigeon pea flour had the highest folate (vitamin B9) content of 644.530mcg/100g and<br>phosphorus content. Boiled pigeon pea flour had the highest iron content of 2.205mcg/100g.. Boiled pigeon<br>pea flour had the highest protein and iron content and soaked pigeon pea flour had the highest moisture,<br>crude fiber and Vitamin B3 contents. Hence, to improve micronutrient intake such as folate and phosphorus,<br>toasting processing technique is highly recommended</p> Ozougwu , S. U, Onyejiakor, C M Copyright (c) 2023 Thu, 11 May 2023 00:00:00 +0100 ASSESSMENT OF DRESS CODE AVAILABILITY AND UTILIZATION BY FEMALE UNDERGRADUATE STUDENTS IN UNIVERSITIES IN ENUGU STATE. <p>The study assessed dress code availability and utilization by female undergraduate students of universities<br>in Enugu State. Specifically, the study determined; the existing dress code for the female undergraduate<br>students in universities in Enugu state; components of dress codes acceptable for female undergraduate<br>students by both the students and staff in universities in Enugu State; consequences of non adherence to<br>dress code by the female undergraduates’ in Universities in Enugu State; hindrances to dress code<br>implementation/enforcement in the universities; ways dress codes could be implemented or enforced on<br>Female Undergraduates by Universities in Enugu States. The study population consisted all female<br>undergraduates and all staff in Registry Departments in the Universities. The study sample was 153 female<br>undergraduates and 104 staff from the selected universities giving a total of 257 respondents. Structured<br>questionnaire was used for data collection. Descriptive statistics were used for data analysis. Findings<br>included; 16 components of dress code; nine consequences of non adherence to dress code by the female<br>undergraduates; 10 hindrances to implementing or enforcing dress code, and 12 ways to enforce dress code<br>by university administration. The study recommends that University Administrations should among others,<br>develop and implement dress codes for appropriate students’ clothing norms on campuses.</p> Ozougwu, S.U, Owoh, N, Osondu, D. A Copyright (c) 2023 Thu, 11 May 2023 00:00:00 +0100